International Population Census Publications is a collection of census data on microfilm. Segment I of the collection is comprised of material from the years 1945 - 1967. This segment consists of 50% English; 40% French, German, Spanish and Portuguese (including the respective overseas colonies); and 10% Other. Segment II, a retrospective continuation of Segment I, contains material published prior to 1945, and includes rare data from censuses taken as early as the sixteenth century. This segment consists of 45-50% English; 40-45% French, German, and Portuguese (including the respective overseas colonies); and 10% Other. Both of these segments are based on the International Population Census Bibliography, compiled by Doreen Goyer of the Population Research Center at the University of Texas, Austin. Segment III, which is ongoing, is based on the International Population Census Bibliography: Revision and Update, 1946-1977, also by Doreen Goyer and consists of post-1967 census data.
Introduction to Segment I
The PRC Bibliography
As a bibliography the Index is heavily indebted to an already existing work, namely, the University of Texas Population Research Center’s (PRC) International Population Census Bibliography, Vol. 1-7 (Austin: Bureau of Business Research, The University of Texas, 1965-1968). This latter Bibliography was an enormous achievement. Not only did it bring together, for the first time, the entire known universe of world population census publications, it also accomplished this task according to a basic format upon which it would be difficult to improve. One can, of course, begin to unpack the information contained in the PRC listings, as Donovan and Blake have done for certain 1960 vintage European census publications.1 But the regional organization of the PRC Bibliography, combined with its perspicuous and flexible numbering system, makes it an ideal tool for students and librarians working in the area of population censuses.
The regional organization of the PRC Bibliography involves its being divided into seven volumes as follows:
1: Latin America and the Caribbean
Volume 2: Africa
Volume 3: Oceania
Volume 4: North America
Volume 5: Asia
Volume 6: Europe
Volume 7: Supplement 1968
The Supplement provides additional listings for the countries in each of the six regions.
The numbering system involves assigning to each title or to each bibliographically distinct unit of a title (e.g., multiple volumes in a series or within the same publications) a two-part number made up of the calendar year in which the census in question was taken followed by a simple
sequential number. An example are the following items in the 1966 Lesotho census:
Bureau of Statistics.
1966 population census report. Maseru, Bureau
of Statistics -1971. In 2 v.
[1966.1] Volume I. Administrative, methodological and
financial report. Census tables.  216 p., map,
[1966.2] Volume II. Village lists, village population and
E. A. population densities. 1971. , 149 p.
Since the listings are grouped by country within the regional sections of the Bibliography, a given item is uniquely identified by quoting the name of the country followed by the PRC number, e.g., Lesotho [1966.1].
Extension of the PRC Bibliography Numbering System
Mere numbers, of course, are not enough for the researcher, who also needs full bibliographic identification on each item. The PRC Bibliography provides excellent bibliographic listings for the publications it includes. In fact, it was originally expected that the microfilm collection would be accompanied by a copy of a relevant volume(s) of the PRC Bibliography supplemented by a reel location index which would locate the various items in the film collection by simply pairing the PRC numbers with their appropriate reel numbers. Several factors, however, caused a change in this original plan.
In the first place there was the problem of how to identify by number the listings in the PRC Supplement, since PRC had not itself assigned numbers to this material. This first problem had a natural solution, namely, to annotate the Supplement with PRC-compatible numbers. On a country by country basis the items in the Supplement were supplied with PRC-compatible numbers which either serially continued the sequence established by PRC or interfiled into it. In all cases these numbers were given in square brackets to indicate clearly that they were assigned by us rather than PRC. An example of serially continuing numbers is Mexico, where the last number assigned by PRC to the 1960 census is 1960.22, with the Supplement containing 18 additional items. These additional 1960 items were thus numbered as [1960.23] - [1960.40].
In some cases it was decided to interfile given items within the PRC sequence rather than tag them on at the end in serial order. Such items were therefore assigned PRC-compatible interfile numbers. Examples are found in the 1961 Scotland census in the County Reports series of publications. PRC’s Europe volume had definitely identified only one of these, using the number 1961.6 for it. It then employed 1961.7 as a sort of group listing for reports 2-35 which had not yet been published, and continued on with bibliographically different items through the number 1961.18. The Supplement subsequently added the listings for reports 2-35. Rather than begin these additional reports with [1961.19], the interfile numbers [1961.7-1] - [1961.7-33] were assigned to Reports 3-35, with [1961.7] being assigned to Report no. 2; ([1961.7] was put in square brackets because its bibliographic content was different from PRC’s own indeterminate 1961.7.)
It was not always possible to preserve bibliographic and serial integrity with interfile numbers; the chief examples here are Mexico and England and Wales. But this problem is handled by adding cross references in the text of the Reel Index. For example, there is a note in parenthesis after Mexico 1960.18 which tells the user that the series of which 1960.18 is the last item with a PRC number is continued by PRC-compatible numbers [1960.23] - [1960.40]. With these sorts of cross references a user will always be able to determine quickly and conveniently the total make-up of a particular bibliographical unit.
In addition to the items listed in the Supplement, PRC-compatible numbers and, in particular, interfile numbers have been assigned where a PRC entry is supplied by us, e.g., the [1961.7] Scotland item already mentioned. The PRC number for such entries is listed where necessary with a reference ahead to the superseding number(s). These superseding numbers very often arise from our having bibliographically “unpacked” some entries a bit more than PRC. Thus PRC’s France 1960.1-2 and 1960.103 have become [1960.102-1] - [1960.102-12] and [1960.103-1] - [1960.103-9]. Other reasons for superseding numbers will be obvious from the explanations supplied in the Reel Index in the contexts in which they occur.
Bibliographic Extension of the PRC Bibliography
The above system for extending the PRC numbering system had already begun to strain the practicality of relying on the printed PRC Bibliography as the bibliographic back-up to a numbers-only Reel Index (with minimum additional information supplied to indicate whether PRC-compatible numbers were identifying superseding, “unpacked,” or Supplement entries). With such an indexing system a researcher might be inconvenienced by having to go constantly from a separate number-only index to one of the six regional volumes and then to the Supplement. But what finally tipped the balance in favor of the present, single, Biography/Reel Index was the number of additional items that were added to the microfilm project which were neither in one of PRC’s original regional volumes nor in the Supplement. There were, for example, 105 items added in the case of France, 89 in the case of England and Wales, 81 for Brazil, 24 for Colombia, 8 for Sweden, 19 for Scotland, 11 for Denmark, and so on. In a number of cases, e.g., Denmark 1965, whose censuses not listed in PRC’s volumes, but comprehended by the stated limits of the microfilm collection, i.e., population censuses taken in the years 1945-1967, were included in the microfilm collection.
Since these items could not simply be assigned numbers without also being given bibliographic descriptions, it was decided to re-issue, in a revised and consolidated form, those parts of the PRC Bibliography that listed 1945-1967 censuses, together with all of the additions. In one or two instances--most notably for Togo--the bibliographic and numerical listing provided in the PRC Bibliography was actually re-shuffled and/or revised with the discovery of complete bibliographic information in order to provide an accurate description of a volume series. The additions were also assigned PRC-compatible numbers and have been bibliographically described in the present Reel Index according to the excellent format already established by PRC.
A word should be said about the types of additions that were made. Very few could be properly said to have been “missed” by PRC. Indeed the exhaustiveness of PRC’s original effort was something that only one who has been involved in the time-consuming and often frustrating pursuit after foreign government documents could adequately appreciate. The greatest bulk of additions are simply items that were published after PRC went to press with its Supplement in 1967-68. Most of the remaining additions are materials of which PRC may well have been aware but which it did not list because the items were more involved with census methodology than with actual census statistics. Examples are France [1954.192] and [1962.107] - [1962.113]. PRC does list some methodological items within its main sequence but it makes no pretense to being comprehensive for this class of material.2 Nor do we, and we simply added those methodologically oriented items where we felt that they might be of immediate use to the researcher. Another small class of additions are brief summary presentations of preliminary or provisional figures for a given census, e.g., Northern Ireland [1950.0] and [1950.0-1]. Such items are also added for their methodological and summary value and not because they contain direct information not contained in the final reports. It does sometimes happen that the preliminary reports are not effectively superseded by final reports, but PRC was well aware of this and included the preliminary reports in such cases.
Our own additions were occasionally made on the basis of bibliographic listings, e.g., Donovan and Blake were useful for the 1962 French census.3 But most often it was a case of finding the items on shelves in libraries or getting the information from the original issuing statistical office in question. The latter source, along with Doreen Goyer, the librarian at PRC, have also been helpful in allowing us to annotate with a fair degree of certitude certain announced items as “Not yet published” or “Never published.”
In addition to the titles being added to the microfilm collection from the PRC Supplement a great deal of new material is being added to Africa and, to a lesser extent, Asia. These additions fall under two distinct headings. The first, official census publications, have been routinely added for all countries as they are discovered. The 1966 census of Iran is an example. India, too, was completed bibliographically with the addition of certain volumes not originally listed in the Supplement, but more especially through detailing and/or revising the listings already given in the PRC Bibliography. It was decided, however, that the village surveys and monographs for India were outside the scope of the microfilm collection and this voluminous subset of the 1951 and 1961 Indian census was, therefore, systematically excluded.
Demographic studies and other population surveys (the second group of additions to the Africa and Asia sections of the collection) were included only for the countries which lacked formal and/or regular population censuses. Although many of the demographic studies included in the collection were originally listed in the “Demographic Surveys” or “Other Relevant Publications” sections by PRC, a substantial quantity have been added using the resources of the United Nations Library in New York and the Bureau of the Census Library (formerly the Social and Economic Statistics Administration Library) in Suitland, Maryland. Several of these discoveries have begun chain reactions, since very often a book was designated either in the title or introduction as being part of a series. “Preliminary,” “definitive results,” or words to that effect have uncovered a trove of census publications not listed in PRC. In some cases, e.g., Algeria 1966, it was decided to list for the sake of bibliographic completeness an entire census series, even though many volumes were not yet published or available for microfilming. It is hoped, then, that through the sum of the listings in the PRC Bibliography and these additions, a profile of the population counts can be obtained.
And finally, the listings in this volume are in modified catalog form. What this means is that main entries have been transcribed without attempting to regularize in every case--and in some cases, added entries that have been supplied as sub-main entries. This procedure was deemed acceptable in a guide such as this where an effort would be made to capture the maximum information about an item without resorting to the sort of annotations which would be appropriate only on a catalog card. Formal cataloging for the collection, available with subject tracings, has been made available and does, of course, rigidly adhere to the accepted rules for regularizing corporate main entries, series entries, etc.
1 Jerry Donovan and Judith Blake, Western European Census 1960. An English Language Guide. (Berkeley: Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley, c1971).
2 PRC has, for certain countries, separately listed, with different types of numbers, items which it calls “Other Relevant Publications.” These, with the exception of certain demographic studies in Africa and Asia, were not included in the microform collection.
3 Donovan and Blake, p. cit., pp. 54-59.
Many libraries and librarians generously committed resources and time to the accomplishing of the filming. We sincerely thank them all. Special mention, however, is due to Dorothy Kaufman (now retired) and her staff at the Bureau of the Census Library in Suitland, Maryland. Her library has superb collections of the material. Similarly endowed with books but especially blessed with comprehensive bibliographic knowledge is Doreen Goyer of the Population Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin. She frequently came up with additions to the collection and clarifications in the listings which we would otherwise have missed. Also helpful at critical points was June Gow, Documents Librarian at the University of California, Berkeley. A final note of thanks is due Robert Balay, Head of the Reference Department at the Yale University Sterling Memorial Library. Microfilming the censuses was his suggestion, and came from large experience which taught him that such a project might relieve him and the rest of his tribe of at least one reader service nightmare. We hope that many future inquirers after census publications will be greeted by the stern admonition: “Get thee to the microfilm reading room!”
Geographical Index of Place Names in Segment I
The following listing consists only of countries which have published census results in Segment I. The see references refer from names no longer in use and from very recent name changes to the name of each country which was in use at the time microfilming took place. Also included are references from smaller geo-political units now absorbed into larger ones.
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan : see Sudan
Belgian Congo : see Zaire
Benin : see Dahomey
British Cameroons : see Cameroon
British Somaliland : see Somalia
British South Africa : see Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland
British Togo : see Ghana
Cape Verde Islands
Central African Republic
Congo : see Congo (Brazzaville)
Congo (Leopoldville) : see Zaire
Cueta : see Spanish North Africa
Djibouti : see French Territory of the Afars and Issas
Egypt : see United Arab Republic
Eritrea : see Ethiopia
Fernando Poo : see Equatorial Guinea
French Equatorial Africa : see Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Gabon
French Guinea : See Guinea
French Somaliland : see French Territory of the Afars and Issas
French Sudan : see Mali
French Territory of the Afars and Issas
French Togo : see Togo
French West Africa : see Dahomey, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal,
Gold Coast : see Ghana
Gough : see St. Helena
Guinea-Bissau : see Portuguese Guinea
Inaccessible : see St. Helena
Italian Somaliland : see Somalia
Madagascar : see Malagasy Republic
Namibia : see South West Africa
Nightingale : see St. Helena
Northern Rhodesia : see Zambia
Nyasaland : see Malawi
Rio Mundi : see Equatorial Guinea
Ruanda-Urundi : see Burundi, Rwanda
Sao Tome e Principe
Spanish Equatorial Region : see Equatorial Guinea
Spanish Guinea : see Equatorial Guinea
Spanish North Africa
Spanish West Africa : see Ifni, Morocco, Spanish Sahara
Tanganyika : see Tanzania
Tristan de Cunha : see St. Helena
Ubangi-Shari : see Central Africa Republic
Union of South Africa : see South Africa
United Arab Republic
Zanzibar and Pemba : see Tanzania
Bangladesh : see Pakistan
Ceylon : see Sri Lanka
China, People’s Democratic Republic of
China, Republic of : see Taiwan
Democratic Yemen : see Aden State
Federation of South Arabia : see Aden State
Former Portuguese India
Jammu and Kashmir : see India
Korea, Republic of
Malaya : see Malaysia
North Borneo : see Malaysia
Palestine : see Israel
Sabah : see Malaysia
Sarawak : see Malaysia
Sikkim : see India
Vietnam : see North Vietnam, South Vietnam
Yemen, Southern : see Aden State
Azores : see Portugal
Canary Islands : see Spain
Channel Islands : see England and Wales
Corsica : see France
Crete : see Greece
Danzig : see Poland
Dodocanese Islands : see Greece
England and Wales
Estonia : see U.S.S.R.
German Democratic Republic : see Germany
Germany, Federal Republic of, : see Germany
Isle of Man : see England and Wales
Latvia : see U.S.S.R.
Lithuania : see U.S.S.R.
Madeira Islands : see Portugal
Saar Territory : see Germany
Sardinia : see Italy
Sicily : see Italy
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands : see Norway
Trieste : see Italy
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Latin America and the
Antigua : see British West Indies
Barbados : see British West Indies
Belize : see British Honduras
British West Indies
Cayman Islands : see British West Indies
Commonwealth Caribbean : see British West Indies
Curaçao : see Netherlands Antilles
Danish West Indies : see Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Dominica : see British West Indies
Dutch Guiana : see Surinam
Dutch West Indies : see Netherlands Antilles
Grenada : see British West Indies
Guyana : see British Guyana
Inini : see French Guiana
Leeward Islands : see British West Indies
Montserrat : see British West Indies
New Granada : see Colombia
Panama Canal Zone
St. Kitts-Nevis and Anguilla : see British West Indies
St. Lucia : see British West Indies
St. Vincent : see British West Indies
Trinidad and Tobago : see British West Indies
Turks and Caicos Islands : see British West Indies
Virgin Islands, British : see British West Indies
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Windward Islands : see British West Indies
St. Pierre and Miquelon
British Solomon Islands
Canton and Enderbury Islands
Christmas Islands (Indian Ocean)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Ellice Islands : see Gilbert and Ellice Islands
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
New Guinea : see Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands : see British Solomon Islands
Tuvalu : see Gilbert and Ellice Islands
Introduction to Segment II
The guide to the microfilm edition of International Population Census Publications provides the user with detailed citations and complete access information to the publications included in Series II, pre-1945. With the assistance of Doreen Goyer, librarian at the Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, Primary Source Microfilm, an imprint of Thomson Gale, has located and acquired population census publications for inclusion in the International Population Census Publications: Series I, 1945-1967; Series II, pre-1945; and Series III, post-1967. Series II of the census project is based on the multiple-volume International Population Census Bibliography compiled at the University of Texas.
The acquisition of census publications for inclusion in Series II tapped resources within the U.S. and abroad. Of particular assistance in this major preservation effort were the Population Research Center, the Bureau of the Census Library, the Population Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania, the Office of Population Research at Princeton University, the New York Public Library, the Dag Hammarskjold and Economic-Social Affairs Libraries at the United Nations, Harvard University, the Economic Growth Center at Yale University, and the East-West Population Institute in Honolulu. Overseas contributors include the British Library in London, the Devlet Istatistik Enstitüsü in Ankara, and the Instituto Nacional de Estadística in Madrid.
Pre-1945 census publications were not available for every country. In many cases publications were located but not available for microfilming due to poor condition. Also, many developing countries did not conduct a population census; the only information available was compiled by governing nations. Cross-references in the Table of Contents lead the user to a country that provides relevant statistical information as, for example, Japan does for the Ryukyu Islands. In some cases a collective census of overseas territories includes several colonies, as with the African colonies of Niger, Dahomey, Mauritania, and Senegal. They are all found in the same French colonial census, and this publication is included in the collection under Senegal, with a reference to that country noted from Niger, Dahomey, and Mauritania. The cross references also indicate changes in country names, but population information is provided only under one of these variants.
Primary Source Microfilm also publishes a microfilm collection entitled United States Decennial Census Publications, 1790-1970, which includes both population and non-population material. The Table of Contents refers the user to this collection for census information relative to the U.S. territories, such as Guam, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. The pre-1945 U.S. population census publications from United States Decennial Census Publications, 1790-1970 are considered part of International Population Census Publications, Series II. The United States Decennial Census Publications, 1790-1970 has its own Bibliography and Reel Index, which is provided with each complete Series II order.
Countries appear in alphabetical order in the guide with an appendix listing the countries included in Series II according to geographical region. Census publications are arranged in chronological order within each country in the microfilm edition. The guide reflects this sequence. Each item is assigned a two-part reference number based on a system developed by Doreen Goyer and used in the Population Research Center’s bibliography set. The first part of the number is the year date of the census, followed by a decimal point and a sequential number as shown in the following sample entry:
ENGLAND AND WALES
Reel 1 Great Britain Census Office
Abstract of answers and returns made pursuant to an Act, passed in the forty-first year of his Majesty King George III entitled “An Act for taking an account of the population of Great Britain, and the increase or diminution thereof.” London, House of Commons, 1801-1802.
1801.1 Enumeration. Part I. England. Part II. Scotland. 1801-1802. x, 547 p.
1801.2 Parish-registers. 1801. iii, 474 p.
Britain Census Office
1811.1 Abstract of the answers and returns showing the increase or diminution
thereof. Preliminary observations, enumeration abstract and parish-register
abstract. London, House of Commons, 1811. xxx, , 611, , 200 p.
Britain Census Office
1821.1 Abstract of the answers and returns. Preliminary observations,
enumeration abstract and parish-register abstract. London, House of Commons,
1822. , xxxv, , 551, , 160 p.
The reference number also appears on the microfilm preceding the item. This reference number coupled with the country name provides unique identification of that entry. A reference number in brackets indicates an item not listed in the source bibliography, but added by PSM and assigned a number compatible with the original numbering scheme. Several bracketed entries were identified through a supplementary bibliography also produced by the University of Texas. Other entries were included in the microfilm edition of International Population Census Publications after being located by PSM during the acquisition effort. In this case, the item is unique to this guide.
Appendix for Segment II
Cape Verde Islands
Sao Tome & Principe
Spanish North Africa
Former Portuguese India
England & Wales
Latin America and the
Panama Canal Zone
Trinidad & Tobago
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Introduction to Segment III
Segment III is based on The International Population Census Bibliography: Revision and Update, 1946-1977 which was compiled by Doreen Goyer, librarian at the Population Research Center (PRC) at the University of Texas. The Population Research Center bibliography contains an awesome array of population information. All known census publications are included in a comprehensive numerical sequence.
It would be difficult to improve on the numbering system that was devised by the researchers at the PRC. That system, which assigns a two-part number to each entry, has been adopted in the Reel Guide. The first number is the year of the census and the second number is the entry’s sequential order. A decimal point separates the two numbers. A title consisting of more than one volume is distinguished by the use of a hyphen followed by the volume order number. The following titles from the 1971 Hong Kong census illustrate the numbering system:
Hong Kong. Census and Statistics Department.
1971 Census: a graphic guide. Hong Kong, Government Printer,
. iii, 25 p.
Hong Kong. Census and Statistics Department.
Hong Kong Population and housing census, 1971. Hong Kong
Printer, 1972-1974. 4 v.
1971.2-1 Basic tables. 1971. iii, 41 p.
1971.2-2 Main report. . v, 248 p., 2 maps.
1971.2-3 Technical report. . , 303 p., speciman forms.
1971.2-4 Transport characteristics. 1974. iii, 60 p., map.
Therefore, any entry may be uniquely identified by quoting the country name and its identification number; such as “Hong Kong 1971.1.”
Letters from the alphabet are occasionally incorporated into this system if a series of titles compile one volume. A 1970 Finland census publication illustrates this usage.
(Education). 1974. 2v.
1970.1-7a (Whole population, 14 years and over, persons with university degrees). 492 p.
1970.1-7b (Economically active population). 623 p.
The microfilm collection was assembled in accordance with the PRC numbering system. Each reel’s title block and its box label record such information as the region, the country, the census year(s), the reel number and the inclusive item numbers contained on that reel. Though its format differs slightly from the box label, a sample reel title block reads:
INTERNATIONAL POPULATION CENSUS PUBLICATIONS
Census Year(s): 1971
Reel 1 of 2
Nos. 1971.1 thru 1971.3-3
Some countries with only a few census publications, e.g. Dominican Republic (1970), Guadeloupe (1967) and Paraguay (1972) are found on the same reel in the microfilm collection. In such cases, the countries are clearly distinguished from each other by individual title blocks which insure easy retrieval.
Beginning with Unit 23 of Segment III, new sourcing of census materials draws heavily upon the holdings of other research institutions, and the bibliographic entries for the guides reflect their cataloging records. While these are not formatted in the traditional manner, they supply basic access and bibliographic control: name of country and census year, author (personal or corporate), full title and statement of responsibility, edition statement (if relevant), place of publication and issuing agency, imprint year, pagination, and illustrations.
An example of the new guide entries follows below:
Popis stanovnistva, domacinstava I stanova u 1981. godini: Tabela 153: domacinstva koja imaju poljoprivredno gazdinstvo prema ukopno koriscenoj povrsini zemljista, broju clanova koji cine poljoprivrednu radnu snagu, ukupnom broju konja, goveda, krava I steonih junica (SFRJ, SR I SAP) / Socijalisticka Federativna Republika Jugoslavija, Savezni zavod za statistiku; [rukopis pripremili Ruza Milic… et al].
Beograd: Savezni zavod za statistiku, 1986.
iii, 60 p.; 20x29cm.
Many libraries and librarians have generously contributed their time and resources to the International Population Census on microfilm. We sincerely thank them all. Special mention, however, is due to Doreen Goyer of the Population Research Center for her advice and expertise.