Publisher’s Introduction: Madden Ballads From Cambridge University Library

Before the creation of newspapers, broadside ballads--also known as slip songs--were the public’s chief source of information about current events. Madden Ballads presents 18th and 19th century songs and ballads from the holdings of Cambridge University Library in the United Kingdom. The ballads were purchased by the common man from street singers, print shops and vendors throughout the country. Madden Ballads preserves this important primary source material. It traces the evolution of the broadside ballad from a simple printed sheet in the standard "old face" Caslon type to a large sheet containing several ballads in a decorative layout using fancy type, flowers and rules. Themes explored include romance, social satire, sporting events, crime, history and politics.

Sir Frederick Madden’s Collection of Broadside Ballads

Sheets and Slips

Housed at Cambridge in the University Library, this vast collection of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century broadside ballads is possibly the largest and most important collection of such material yet discovered. Though the core of the printed sheets and slips come from London and provincial presses active between 1775 and 1850, there is a significant body of earlier eighteenth-century garlands and slips contained within the pages of the first six volumes of the collection and it is possible that additions to the Irish volumes (24 & 25) were made after the collection passed from Sir Frederick Madden into the hands of Henry Bradshaw.1

Broadside ballads printed in the period up to and including the early eighteenth-century have received considerable attention from scholars since the mid-century. Working on behalf of the Ballad Society, the Rev. J.W. Ebsworth and William Chappell meticulously edited the ballad sheets contained in the Roxburghe2 and Bagford3 Collections in the British Museum. In addition, they and other editors freely drew upon the seventeenth-century materials in the Douce, Rawlinson and Wood collections of the Bodleian Library at Oxford. Somewhat later, the noted Harvard scholar, Hyder E. Rollins edited at least ten volumes of ballads which drew upon the large collection of seventeenth-century sheets formed by Samuel Pepys and now housed in the Pepys Library at Magdalene College, Cambridge.4 Rollins also edited texts from the black-letter collection in Manchester Free Library. In recent years the Euing collection 5 has been reproduced with texts in modern type but the woodcuts in facsimile.

So persistent was the concentration upon reprinting the texts of seventeenth-century "black letter" ballads that it is easy to review the past activities and criticize the broadside scholars for their steadfast lack of attention to the later material. It is, for example, glaringly obvious that in terms of the folksong and ballad traditions of England, the later broadsides of the eighteenth- and nineteenth centuries are more clearly and precisely related, textually, than are the older black-letter sheets. Such criticism is to some degree vitiated by reason that the broadside ballad is not a folksong (which by definition must have a tune) and thus scholars have almost always considered the broadside as a literary or sub-literary form which reflected the tastes of the broad mass of the population.

While it has been accepted that many sheets printed or reprinted songs texts to be sung to stated tunes, to the broadside scholar the printed text was of paramount importance for its social historical significance rather than its aesthetic appeal. In this latter regard it has to be said that the Madden collection is dominated by ephemeral social, political and theatrical songs. A reasonable estimate would probably allow that no more than possibly 10 to 15 per cent of the items included can be related to the long-lived traditional folksong or ballad repertoire. What makes Madden’s collection so remarkable is its vast size and the comprehensiveness of the collection in terms of showing the continuous development of the ballad trade through the eighteenth-century in London and a few provincial cities and towns and the explosive proliferation of ballad printing establishments both within the London region and throughout almost every county of England in the first fifty years of the nineteenth-century.

Of great value in examining the building of Madden’s collection are the diary and two bundles of manuscripts, clippings, illustrations and letters also housed at the University Library, Cambridge. From these papers and the numerous notes etc. within the body of the 26 volumes of broadsides, it is possible to build up a fairly full picture of Madden’s obsession with ballad sheets. 6, 7

An eminent nineteenth-century archaeologist and noted palaeographer, Sir Frederick Madden was Keeper of Manuscripts at the British Museum between 1837 and 1866. During this period his activities included of course the acquisition of manuscripts for the library, and thus a great deal of his time was spent in auction rooms and at private sales of books and other related materials. It would appear that his interest in broadsides arose when, in 1835, he acquired the large collection of an eccentric mathematician, Reuben Burrow. Since Burrow’s collection consisted almost entirely of eighteenth-century sheets (some later pieces were added after Burrow’s death but before Madden’s acquisition), we may safely assume that the bulk of the contents of volumes 1 through 6 were his, as was also the slim volume 26 which contains principally bawdry of the kind associated with Burns’ Merry Muses of Caledonia. Two years later, in 1837, Madden visited the premises of a notorious London printer named John Pitts8 and from him obtained many thousands of sheets and slips. His diary states:

"called again at Pitts, who had looked out for me 58 dozen, all printed by himself since the year 1790. He used formerly to reside at 14 Gt. St. Andrew St. and has been in business, he says, for 39 years. Pitts told me, he had a large collection of old Ballads by other printers, which he had purchased about 40 years since, and offered to sell them to me; an offer, which of course, I accepted. I paid for the 58 dozen £ 1.9.0....He told me he had them chiefly from Wise, in Rosemary Lane and of a man who lived in Tyler St., Clare Market...before he set up business himself, was apprentice to Marshall in Aldermary Churchyard, the printer of penny histories etc."

This fascinating diary entry explains much that has puzzled ballad students for many years. We have here first-hand evidence that in the business of John Pitts, who along with his arch rival James Catnach9 dominated the trade in ballad sheets in the early nineteenth-century, there is a direct line of descent from the Ballad Partners who established a warehouse stock in 1625. Among the loose papers in MSS 2687 are Madden’s copies of the catalogues of both Pitts (with two supplements) and Catnach. It is clear that the contents of volumes 8, 9 and 10 are a very comprehensive selection from the stocks of these two printers.10

Other correspondence in the Madden papers indicates a similarly close association with other printers around the country; particularly valuable is the almost complete numbered series of the Preston printer, Harkness. Another interesting group of sheets came from Collard of Bristol, who also sent a most laboriously handwritten catalogue of his stock which extended to many hundreds of titles. Late in his collecting activities, Madden acquired the ballad sheets that belonged to the Irish antiquary, Thomas Crofton Croker.11 This collection was purchased for the sum of £ 1.11.0 and was advertised as a collection of "Irish Street Ballads, chiefly printed in the City of Cork," though in truth there are almost as many Dublin sheets as Cork sheets in the two volumes 24 and 25.

In all Madden collected together 16,354 garlands, slips and sheets. All (with just one or two exceptions) are printed on one side of the sheet only. The sheets have been pasted into twenty-six large scrapbook volumes and arranged in the following manner:

Madden 103 (Vols I - III) Garlands. c1700-1800
Madden 4-6 (Vols I - III) Slips. c1700-1800
Madden 7-14 (Vols I - VIII) Slips and sheets - London printers. 1800-c1855
Madden 15 (Vol I) Political and Miscellaneous sheets - some hand colored. 1800-1850
Madden 16-23 (Vol I - VIII) Slips and sheets - Country printers. Arranged within counties. 1800-1850
Madden 24-25 (Vols I - II) Irish slips and sheets. c1800-1850

In all, there are approximately 30,000 songs and ballads in the collection. At the University Library is a large card index of titles but this is extremely difficult to work from as only the song title (or first line) is given with a volume and sheet reference number. Since very many songs were issued under different titles, a cross index is needed but this is unavailable. Thus "The Gallant Poachers" actually refers to several different songs, all of which can be found under other titles but none are cross-related.

To identify a particular reference in this collection; e.g. "The Sheffield Apprentice" -M16-546, M16 is Volume one of the series covering country printers and 546 is a sheet issued by John Ross, Arcade, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland. Similarly M22-537 is a sheet in Madden 22 (Vol. VII) issued from the press of J. Williams, No. 47 Queen Street, Portsea, Hampshire.

There are no gaps in the collection, and where a sheet number is not ascribed to a printer it can be assumed that this is caused by a sheet or slip not having an imprint, and its position in a particular volume has been decided by Madden.

Madden 1 - 3 (Volumes I - III). These three volumes contain garlands printed in the eighteenth century. Apart from one or two black-letter sheets they are all printed in white letter, contain one ballad or song on a sheet sized approximately 11" x 14" (depending how closely it has been cropped), are illustrated with one or more woodcuts in the top left-hand corner of the sheet and in many cases make references to a tune suitable for the text.

The garlands are arranged alphabetically by title and of the printers represented, the majority are issued from the Aldermary Churchyard press of Dicey, who had started business in Northampton but moved to London from where he kept his Northampton warehouse well stocked. In addition, there are a number of early Pitts broadsides. Perhaps the most interesting series of garlands are contained in Vol. III; these are the Robin Hood ballads issued from the Aldermary Churchyard press of Dicey or Marshall and from the press of L. How, Petticoat Lane. In all seventeen different ballads of this folk hero are represented, some in two and three copies. All are very fine uncropped sheets and in general it is the good condition of the three volumes of garlands, coupled with the several states in which many of the sheets exist, that makes the whole series of about 750 ballads so interesting. Among the printers listed (together with their dates of activity, where known) are the following:

W.O. [Onley?] sold by the Booksellers of Pye Corner and London Bridge. (c1695)
T. Norris, at the Looking Glass. (1709-1720)
Richard Newton, at the King’s Head, St. Martin le Grand near Aldergate.
R. Coster, 42 Long Lane, West Smithfield. (c1780-1788)
Evans, 42 Long Lane, West Smithfield (taking over from R. Coster?) (1789-1800)
J. Pitts, 145 Great St. Andrews Street. (1797-1844)
J. Jennings, Fleet St. (1792-1809)
L. How, Petticoat Lane. (1790-1805)
Sympsons, Stonecutter St. Fleet Market. (c1750-1775)
Aldermary Churchyard. (1762-c1795)

Country Printers

Dicey, Northampton (1725-1775)
Turner, Coventry (1790-1840)
J. White, Newcastle upon Tyne (1709-1769)
L. Lane, Durham (c1740)
Rann, Dudley (c1780)
Cheney, Banbury (1767-1808)
D. Wrighton, 86 Snow Hill, Birmingham
J. Smart, 9 St. John’s Street, Wolverhampton
S. Camidge, at the Prior’s Head, Worcester
W. Garratt, King’s Lynn (c1740)
J. Butler, High St. Worcester (and sold by S. Hazell, Bolt Lane, Gloucester; J. Cooper, Hall St., Kidderminster; and G. Lewis, Broad St., Worcester)

Madden 4 - 6 (Volumes I - III). The garlands of Madden 1-3 were single ballads printed on a single sheet in four or five columns. By the close of the eighteenth century few of these long ballads were issued in this form. Instead the same format was used to print four or five songs side by side, and these would be sold in complete sheets or, alternatively, split into four or five separate slips. The majority of the slips are without imprint because only one slip out of a sheet would bear the usual imprint found on a garland. Madden states at the beginning of Vol. I that the majority of the slips in Vols. I - III are from the Aldermary Churchyard press. Apart from the list of printers given for the volumes of garlands, the only notable addition to the ranks is M. Bowley, No. 96 Aldersgate Street, London. A few sheets in a complete state are present:

Madden 4 contains slips A - G, numbered 1 - 712
Madden 5 contains slips H - N, numbered 713 - 1456
Madden 6 contains slips O - Y, numbered 1457 - 2002

Madden 7 - 14 (Volumes I - VIII). The London Printers volumes are arranged alphabetically by printer and are roughly in chronological sequence. It is believed that Sir Frederick Madden collected broadsides for his collection up to the time of his death in 1873. The most notable absence therefore is H. Such.

Slip Number 3 - 262
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Howard and Evans, 42 Long Lane, West Smithfield (1790’s)
T. Evans, 79 Long Lane
Evans, Long Lane
J. & C. Evans, Long Lane, Smithfield (1821-1828)

Slip Number 263-321
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Evans, 42 Long Lane, Smithfield (until 1812)

Slip Number 322-603
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Jennings, 13 & 15 Water Lane, Fleet St.; also at 21 Water Lane, Fleet St. (1795-1809)

Slip Number 604
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Andrews, 14 Beech Lane, Barbican (dated 1786)

Slip Number 605
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Marshall, 1 Aldermary Churchyard (dated 1793)

Slip Number 606
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
C. Sheppard, 19 Lambeth Hill, Doctor’s Common (1785)

Slip Number 607
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G. Thompson, 43 Long Lane, Smithfield (dated 1815)

Slip Number 614 - 655
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Batchelor, 115 Long Alley, Moorfields or Crown St., Finsbury; also Little Cheapside, Crown St., Moorfields or Finsbury (1807-1832)

Slip Number 656 - 663
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Charles Pigott, 52 Compton St., Clerkenwell (1825)

Slip Number 664
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G. Pigott, 60 Old Street (1803-1830)

Slip Number 665 - 667
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Norris, 8 Moor St. Soho (1804)

Slip Number 668
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
A. Seale, Tottenham Court Road (1799-1821)

Slip Number 669-670
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Storer, 7 King’s Street, Cloth Fair, West Smithfield

N.B. Madden notes against slip No. 610: "The name erased is C. Sheppard, No. 19 Lambeth Hill, Doctor’s Common. Among Pitts’ 4to. ballads are several more with Sheppard’s name erased and that of Pitts inserted below as vendor."

Madden 8 (Volume II). The entire contents of this volume are slips and sheets (two slips still connected) issued by J. Pitts at either 6 Great St. Andrew’s Street, Seven Dials or 14 Great St. Andrew’s Street, Seven Dials. The crudity of some of the early sheets emanating from 14 Great St. Andrew’s Street would suggest that this is where Pitts started business, yet the reverse appears to be true. It is noticeable that a great number of the earliest sheets are imprinted: "Printed for and sold by J Pitts...," while the later issues are "Printed by and sold by...." Among the printers Pitts used to keep himself supplied are the following:

J. Jennings, Water Lane (c1800)
L. Thompson, 21, Upper East, Smithfield (1799-1810)
Mantz, Finsbury (1798-1840)
Jennings, Upper Marylebone St. (same as J. Jennings? The sheets are similar typographically) (c1795-1800)

The contents are numbered 1-1449

Madden 9 (Volume III). Again, all the contents are from J. Pitts at either of the addresses given above. This time they are all in sheet form (4to) or longsheets. Some of the longsheets have tunes printed on them, e.g. "Will Watch the Bold Smuggler."

Included at the beginning of the volume are two song lists dated 1836 in Madden’s manuscript. Both are headed "A list of songs Sold by J. Pitts Printer, Wholesale Toy and Marble Warehouse, No. 6 Great St. Andrew’s Street, 7 Dials London." The first is 12" x 16" and lists over 1,000 titles; the second is obviously a supplementary list giving 96 titles. The sheets are Madden numbers 1 - 707.

No. 2 is of particular interest, being a ballad on The Red Barn Murder, which occurred in 1825. It is quite different from the Catnach sheet and the normal traditional form of this grisly murder ballad.

Madden 10 (Volume IV). The volume contains the entire contents from Pitts’ arch rival, James Catnach, 2 & 3 Monmouth Court, Seven Dials. Almost all the broadsides are double column sheets on good paper, exceptionally well laid out typographically and bear excellent woodcuts or wood engravings. Included in this volume is Catnach’s 1832 catalogue of "Songs and Song Books, Sheets, Halfsheets, Christmas Carols, Children’s Books, &c. &c. &c.," 8vo. 8pp. On the front of the catalogue Madden has written that Catnach’s business was established in 1813, some twenty years or more after J. Pitts had commenced printing. The note continues to say that, "Catnach gave up business in 1841. Paul succeeded him. Ryle succeeded Paul in 1847." From the imprints on his sheets, one quickly notices that his retail outlets were extensive. Among the agents listed are the following:

T. Batchlor, 14 Hackney Road Crescent
Sharman, Cambridge
Bennett, Brighton
W. Marshall, Bristol
Mrs. Boyes, Market St., Brighton
Shatford, Cirencester
Pierce, Southborough
Mrs. Harvey, Sheffield Park, Sheffield
E. Butterworth, Manchester. "Travellers and Shops Supplied."

The contents are numbered 1 - 709.

Madden 11 (Volume V).

Slip Number 1 - 436
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
E. Hodges (from Pitts), 31 Dudley St. Seven Dials. (who also printed sheets under the imprint, Spratt, Printer, Dalston). (1844-1855)

Slip Number 437 - 596
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Ryle & Co. 2 & 3 Monmouth Court, Seven Dials (on some sheets: "and at 35 Hanover St., Portsea.") (1847-1855)

Slip Number 597 - 651
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J(ames) Paul, 2 & 3 Monmouth Court, Seven Dials, and 35 Hanover St., Portsea. (Also, "sold by Watts, Snow Hill, Birmingham and Myers Wholesale Warehouse, Dale Street, Liverpool.") Paul also overprinted some of the Catnach stock he had been left with. (1841-1847)

Slip Number 652 - 1019
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W.S. Fortey, 2 & 3 Monmouth Court, Seven Dials (1855-c1885)

Madden 12 (Volume VI).

Slip Number 1 - 391
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Birt, 10 & 39 Great St. Andrews Street, Seven Dials (1828-1851)

Slip Number 392 - 538
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Batchelor, 14 Hackney Road Crescent Street, (also "opp. the Refuge, Hachney Road.") Later sheets at the above address were under Ann Batchelor’s imprint. (1828-1832)

Among the Birt sheets are two song lists. One dated 1836 contains 326 sheets, each sheet numbered and listed with two songs per sheet. The other is dated 1850 with 400 sheets (800 songs) listed. Included in this volume are some longsheets issued by Birt.

Madden 13 (Volume VII).

Slip Number 1 - 259
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Henry Taylor, 14, Waterloo Road (also W. Taylor 14 & 16 Waterloo Road) (c1810-1836)

Slip Number 260 - 380
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Hill (late Taylor), 14 Waterloo Road (1836)

Slip Number 381 - 481
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Hilliat & Martin, 13 Prescot St., Goodman’s Fields (c1835)
J. Martin, 13 Prescot Road & 14 Swan St., Minories
John Hilliat, 23 Goodman’s Fields, Minories (1838)

Taylor’s sheets were also sold by Martin & Hilliat, Minories, and by W. Bridger, Tonbridge. Some J. Hill sheets are overprints of Taylor sheets. Hill was printing in 1837 and in this year Hilliat & Martin appear to have started their operations. Hilliat & Martin sheets are remarkable for their use of continuous ornamental borders, a device later used with effect by H. Such.

Madden 14 (Volume VII).

Slip Number 1
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
B. Bedborough, 14 New Montague St., Spitalfields

Slip Number 2
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Newman & Bedborough, 4 Lower Keats St. (c1850)

Slip Number 3
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Bird, New Compton St. Soho (1841)

Slip Number 4
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Bishop, 6 Denmark St., St. George’s East (1827-1836)

Slip Number 5
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Burns, Holborn Bars

Slip Number 6 - 12
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Bysh, 8 Cloth Fair, West Smithfields

Slip Number 13 - 24
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
[D.] Carpue, No. 3, Old Montague St., Osbourne St. Whitechapel, and 23 Rose Lane, Spitalfields (1807-c1835)

Slip Number 25
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
A. Carvalho, No. 3 Crab Tree Row, Hackney Road

Slip Number 26
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
H. Chance, 16 Dorrington Street, Leather Lane (1833-1834)

Slip Number 27 - 29
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
B.D. Cousins, 18 Duke St., Lincoln’s Inn Fields (1832-1848)

Slip Number 30 - 41
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
H. Dever (late Paul’s), 18 Great St. Andrews Street, Seven Dials or Bloomsbury

Slip Number 42 - 262
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
H. Disley, 16 Arthur St., Biford St., and 57 High St., St. Giles

Slip Number 263 - 294
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
R. Edwards, 56 Lemon St. Whitechapel (1835)

Slip Number 295
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
[S.A.] Edwards, Kentish Town (1849-1857)

Slip Number 296 - 297
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Farrell, 14 Great St. Andrews Street (c1836)

Slip Number 298
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Printed for T. Gardiner, Street Orator

Slip Number 299
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
James Gillet, Charles St., Hatton Garden

Slip Number 300
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Green, Whitechapel

Slip Number 301
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Hart, Gravel Lane, Whitechapel

Slip Number 302
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Hiles, Seven Dials

Slip Number 303 - 304
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
O. Hodgson, 10 Cloth Fair, West Smithfield (c1840)

Slip Number 305 - 306
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G. Hunte (late Quick), 8 Little Paternoster Row, Spitalfields (c1853)

Slip Number 307 - 308
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
[John] Jones, Drury Lane (1823-1832)

Slip Number 309
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Lee, 20 Old Boswell Court, Temple Bar

Slip Number 310
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Lowe, 37 New Compton Street, Seven Dials (1829-1835)

Slip Number 311
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Lucksway, Westminster

Slip Number 312
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
A. MacPherson, Russell Court, Covent Garden (1799-1824)

Slip Number 313
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W.C. Mantz, 159 Brick Lane, Spitalfields (1798-1840)

Slip Number 314 - 315
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Marks, 206 Brick Lane, Whitechapel (1836-1857)

Slip Number 316
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W.I. Mitchelson, Turnmill St., Clerkenwell Green (c1845)

Slip Number 317 - 320
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Morgan, Brick Lane, Spitalfields (1834-1835)

Slip Number 321
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Mullins, Red-crop St.

Slip Number 322 - 410
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
C. Paul, 18 Great St. Andrews Street, Bread St., Bloomsbury or Seven Dials (1843-1857)

Slip Number 411 - 475
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
H. Paul, 22 Brick Lane, Spitalfields

Slip Number 476
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J.W. Peel, 74 New Cut, Lambeth (1823-1829)

Slip Number 477 - 547
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Phair, 67/69/76/77 Great Peter St., Westminster (1827-1853)

Slip Number 548 - 584
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J.V. Quick, 42 Bowling Green Lane, Clerkenwell and Little Paternoster Row, Spitalfield and Fashion St. Spitalfields (1823-1853)

Slip Number 585 - 653
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Sharp, 30 Kent St., Borough (1834-1853)

Slip Number 654 - 655
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
M. Skelt, Swan St., Minories

Slip Number 656-690
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G. Smeeton, 74 Tooley St. (1809-1839)

Slip Number 691
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Spurrier, Lichfield St.

Slip Number 692
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Taylor, 93 Brick Lane, Bethnal Green

Slip Number 693 - 694
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
E. Thomas, 6 Denmark Court (1808-1832)

Slip Number 695 - 700
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Thompson, Mason’s Row

Slip Number 701
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Wadham, 6 Borough Road, Southwark (1834)

Slip Number 702 - 749
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Various, Unidentified printers but of London origin. Chiefly long-sheets. (1834)

Madden 15 (Volume IX). This volume contains a wide variety of sheets of varying sizes. The range varies from slips approximately 6" x 2-1/2" to posters up to 30" x 16". All the sheets are printed in London, and the subject matter varies from illustrated children’s alphabets to stridently political songs, such as Bamford’s song on the Peterloo massacre written while the author was imprisoned in Lincoln Castle for being present at the meeting. There are very few songs from the traditional repertoire, apart from the large quarto sheets illustrated by George Cruikshank and printed by Laurie and Whittle between 1800 and 1825. Even so, the traditional texts are usually pastiches of the type used by early music hall songsters like Sam Cowell. The sheets are numbered 1 - 330.

Country Printers (Madden 16-23)

It seems a misnomer to term them "country printers," suggesting by this means, printers working in country districts. In truth, almost without exception, the printers contained in these volumes worked in large towns and cities all over England. Few are from real country areas, except perhaps some from the southwest of England.

Madden 16 (Volume I).

Northumberland
Slip Number 1
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Smith, Alnwick

Slip Number 2 - 4
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Weatherley, Derwick

Slip Number 5 - 9
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
M. Barker, Hexham

Slip Number 10 - 21
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G. Angus, Side, Newcastle (1808-1825)
Thos. Angus, Side, Newcastle
M. Angus & Son, Side, Newcastle (1778-1808)

Slip Number 22
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Clark, Newcastle

Slip Number 23 - 39
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T & H Dodds, 43 Head of the Side, Newcastle
T. Dodds, as above and at 77 Side

Slip Number 40 - 96
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint, but Madden states that they were bought in Carlisle and are of Newcastle origin.

Slip Number 97 - 400
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. & T. Fordyce, 48 Dean St., Newcastle (1838-1865)

Slip Number 401
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Fordyce, 18 Grey St., Newcastle (1826-1838)

Slip Number 402 - 404
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
John Gilbert, Royal Arcade, Newcastle (1852-1856)

Slip Number 405 - 407
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
William Hall, Newcastle (1795-?1805)

Slip Number 408 - 464
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Marshall, Newcastle (1810-1831)

Slip Number 466 - 582
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
John Ross
Arcade, Newcastle (1847-1852)

Slip Number 582 - 595
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint, but Northumberland in origin

Durham
Slip Number 596
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
H.J. Dixon, Bishops Wearmouth

Slip Number 597 - 606
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Oliver, Darlington

Slip Number 607 - 614
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Hoggett, Durham

Slip Number 615
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Walker, Market Place, Durham (1797-1847)

Slip Number 616 - 790
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
George Walker, Jr., Sadler St., Durham (1847-1885)

Slip Number 791 - 795
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Marshall, Gateshead (1801-1810)

Slip Number 796 - 836
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Stephenson, 8 Bridge St., Gateshead
Mary Stephenson, 8 Bridge St., Gateshead

Slip Number 837 - 844
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Huntly, 140 High St., Sunderland

Slip Number 843 - 846
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Graham, Sunderland

Slip Number 847
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
E. Smith, Sunderland

Slip Number 848
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Rae, High St., Sunderland

Slip Number 849-853
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Orange, North Shields

Slip Number 854 - 862
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J.K. Pollock, 15 Union St., North Shields

Slip Number 863
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Summers & Son, Not Stated

Slip Number 864 - ?
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
(Brown - , listed but the sheets are missing)

Madden 17 (Volume II).

Cumberland
Slip Number 1 - 14
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
John Cockburn, 26 West Tower St., Carlisle

Slip Number 15 - 22
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Printed for the Booksellers, Carlisle

Slip Number 23 - 26
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
S. Jefferson, Carlisle

Slip Number 27 - 85
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Stewart, 139 Butchergate, Carlisle (1840-1855)

Slip Number 86 - 212
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint, but assumed to be of Carlisle origin

Slip Number 213 - 214
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Matthew Henderson, Longtown

Slip Number 215 - 246
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Wm. Wilson, 56 King St., Whitehaven
T. Wilson, 45 King St., Whitehaven

Slip Number 247 - 266
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
William Robertson, Wigton

Slip Number 267 - 360
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint, Madden states they were purchased at Carlisle but are probably printed in Lancashire at Preston and elsewhere.

Yorkshire
Slip Number 361
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Thompson, Bedale

Slip Number 362 - 366
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W.B. Johnson, Beverly

Slip Number 367 - 368
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Bently, 48 Market St., Bradford

Slip Number 369 - 379
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Garforth, Doncaster

Slip Number 380
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Moss, St. Sepulchre Gate, Doncaster

Slip Number 381 - 410
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint, but probably Doncaster, states Madden

Slip Number 411
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Acton, Halifax

Slip Number 412
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
R. Barr, 19 Timble Bridge, Leeds

Slip Number 413
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Large, 34 Duke St., Leeds

Slip Number 414
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
A. Mann, Central Market, Leeds

Slip Number 415 - 417
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Roberts, 10 & 31 Wood St., Leeds

Slip Number 418 - 419
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
William Walker, Otley (c1855-c1900)

Slip Number 420
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Mrs. Harvey, Sheffield Park, Sheffield

Slip Number 421 - 422
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Ford, York St., Sheffield

Slip Number 423
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Shanks, Sheffield

Slip Number 424 - 425
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Nichols, Churchyard, Wakefield

Slip Number 426
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Carrall, Walmgate, York

Slip Number 427-445
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint, but perhaps of Yorkshire origin

Madden 18 (Volume III).

Lancashire
Slip Number 1 - 2
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
S. Gardner, next to the Post Office, Bolton

Slip Number 3
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Jackson, Market St., Lancaster

Slip Number 4 - 5
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Slip Number 6 - 11
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Armstrong, Banastre St., Liverpool

Slip Number 12
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Carr, Liverpool

Slip Number 13 - 25
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
John Duckett, 1 Highfield St., Liverpool

Slip Number 26 - 33
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Kiernan, No. 81 Cheapside and sold at No. 1 Highfield St., Liverpool. (1819-1847)

Slip Number 34 - 36
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. McCall, 39 Standish St., and Cartwright Place, Byrom St. (1847-1857)

Slip Number 37 - 39
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Pannell, 24 Byrom St., Liverpool

Slip Number 40 - 47
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G. Thompson, No. 16 and 20 Button St., Liverpool

Slip Number 48 - 51
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Cadman, 152 Great Ancoats St., Manchester

Slip Number 52 - 58
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
John O. Bebbington, 22 Goulden St., Oldham Road, Manchester

Slip Number 59 - 62
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
R. & W. Dean, Manchester

Slip Number 63 - 64
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Innes, Manchester

Slip Number 65 - 72
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
George Jaques, Oldham Road, Manchester

Slip Number 73 - 74
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G. Livesey, Whittle St., Oldham St., and Church St., Manchester

Slip Number 75 - 98
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Shelmerdine, 16 Hanging Dirch opposite The Spread Eagle
Also W. & J. Shelmerdine and W. Shelmerdine & Co., Deansgate, Manchester

Slip Number 99 - 469
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
A. Swindells, Manchester
J. Swindells, Hanging Bridge, Manchester (1790’s-1853)

Slip Number 470-515
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Wheeler, No. 9 Whittle St., or Well St., Manchester

Slip Number 516
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Willson, Manchester

Slip Number 517 - 518
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Slip Number 519 - 521
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Ducker, Prescot

Slip Number 522 - 523
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
C. Ambler, 3 Temple Court, Fishergate, Preston

Slip Number 524
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Armstead, 4 Old Shambles, Preston

Slip Number 525-526
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Gillow, 17 Back Charlotte St., and 4 Leeming St., Preston

Slip Number 527 - 1347
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
John Harkness, 121 & 122 Church St., Preston (c1835-1860)

Slip Number 1348-1351
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Livesey, Church St., Preston

Slip Number 1352-1353
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Eyres, Horse Market, Warrington

Slip Number 1354 - 1355
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Haddock, Warrington

Slip Number 1356 - 1358
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Madden 19 (Volume IV).

Lincolnshire
Slip Number 1
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Skelton, Grimsby (c1845-1860)

Slip Number 2 - 52
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Ringham, 50 Steep Hill, Lincoln

Norfolk
Slip Number 53 - 54
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Smith, Norwich

Sip Number 54 - 55
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
R. Walker, Near the Duke’s Palace, Norwich (c1820)

Suffolk
Slip Number 57 - 58
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No name, Ipswich

Essex
Slip Number 59 - 62
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Hill, Ballingdon

Slip Number 63 -66
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Marsden (for), Colchester (printed by S. Corpue, London)

Slip Number 67
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Shearcroft, Chelmsford

Slip Number 68
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Dutton, Chelmsford

Slip Number 69
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Cambridgeshire
Slip Number 70 - 103
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Talbot & Ladds, Cambridge
H. Talbot, Cambridge

Slip Number 104 - 109
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
(Wilson), Bridge St., Cambridge

Northamptonshire
Slip Number 110
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Cordeux, Northampton (1815-1850)

Slip Number 111 - 114
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Dicey, Sutton & Smithson, Northampton (1808-1813)
Dicey & Smithson, Northampton (1813-1831)

Slip Number 115 - 177
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Henson, 81 Bridge St., Northampton (1845-1857)

Slip Number 178
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
R. Weaver, Chronicle Office, Northampton (1835)

Slip Number 179 - 183
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
S. Inns, Towcester (1818-1844)

Hertfordshire
Slip Number 184
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Shaw, Maidenhead St. Hertford

Slip Number 185
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Buckinghamshire
Slip Number 186 - 196
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Sleath, Stoney Stratford

Oxfordshire
Slip Number 197
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J.G. Rusher, Banbury

Slip Number 198
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Cherney, Banbury

Slip Number 199 - 222
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. King (or Kyng), St. Clements and at St. Cater le Bailey, Oxford

Berkshire
Slip Number 223
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Willmer, Abingdon

Slip Number 224
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Name, Beading

Slip Number 225 - 226
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Knight & Son, Windsor

Madden 20 (Volume V).

Cheshire
Slip Number 1 - 2
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No name, Printed in Vernon St., Chester

Slip Number 3 - 4
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Barlow, Knutsford

Derbyshire
Slip Number 5 - 7
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Mason, Belper

Slip Number 8 - 39
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Ford, Irongate & New Square, Chesterfield (c1850)

Slip Number 40
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Slip Number 41 - 75
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Ordoyno, Crop St., Mount East, Nottingham

Slip Number 76 - 123
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G. Plant, 6 Clare St., Nottingham

Slip Number 124 - 125
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Leicestershire
Slip Number 126 - 134
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Isaac Cockshaw, Chatham St., and near the Three Crowns, Leicester

Slip Number 135 - 150
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
E. Smith, Church Gate, Leicester

Slip Number 151 - 267
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Warwick, Loseby Lane, Leicester

Staffordshire
Slip Number 269
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Cooper, Newcastle

Slip Number 270 - 271
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Cotton, Tamworth

Slip Number 272
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Woodward, Tipton

Slip Number 273 - 274
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Chropshire
Slip Number 275
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Slip Number 276
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Waidson, Shrewsbury

Slip Number 277
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
France, Shrewsbury

Worcestershire
Slip Number 278
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Rann, Dudley

Slip Number 279 - 280
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G. Walters, High St., Dudley

Slip Number 281
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Johnson, Dudley

Slip Number 282 - 287
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
S. Gammidge, Worcester
J. Butler, High St., Worcester

Slip Number 288 - 294
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Grundy, Silver St., Worcester

Slip Number 295-296
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Hayes, Broad St., Worcester

Slip Number 297-327
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
R. Houghton, 5 Merry Vale, Worcester

Slip Number 328
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Lewis, Worcester

Slip Number 328 - 338
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
H.F. Sefton, No. 41 Broad St., Worcester

Herefordshire
Slip Number 339 - 343
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Dean, Congleton

Slip Number 344 - 358
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
M. Child, Eign St., Hereford

Slip Number 359 - 380
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
R. Elliot, Eign St., Hereford

Slip Number 381
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
John Parker, Hereford

Slip Number 382 - 385
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T.B. Watkins, Hereford

Slip Number 386 - 422
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Gibbs, Jr., Howerd St., Ledbury

Slip Number 423 - 475
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Ward, Ledbury

Slip Number 476 - 496
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J.V. Chilcott, Broad St. and Drapers Lane, Leominster

Slip Number 497 - 499
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Farrer, Ross

Slip Number 500
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Harris, Ross

Madden 21 (Volume VI)

Warwickshire

Birmingham
Slip Number 1
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Allen, New Street

Slip Number 2 - 59
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Bloomer, High Street

Slip Number 60 - 62
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Butterworth, Stafford Street

Slip Number 63 - 70
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
John Green

Slip Number 71
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
William Harris, Deriton

Slip Number 72 - 73
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
S. Kettle, 84 Digbeth

Slip Number 74
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
R. Peart & Co., Bull St.

Slip Number 75 - 285
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
William Pratt, 82 Digbeth (1849-1856)

Slip Number 286 - 428
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Joseph Russell, 21, 23, & 24 Moor Street (1814-1856)
S.W. Russell, 21 & 23 Moor Street


Slip Number 429 - 567
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Thomas Askton Jackson (late Russell), 73 Moor St., and 69 Digbeth. (c1850’s)

Slip Number 568 - 624
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Taylor, 43 & 112 Moor St.
Sarah Taylor, Moor St.
Taylor & Co., 10 Upper Priory
E. Taylor, 10 Upper Priory
Joseph Taylor, 32 Smallbrook St.
E. Taylor, Digbeth and 67 Steelhouse Lane near Russell St.

Slip Number 625
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Turner, top of Snow Hill

Slip Number 626 - 634
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
H. Wadsworth, 71 Lichfield St. and 90 Moor St.

Slip Number 635 - 642
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Watts, 14 Snow Hill

Slip Number 643 - 735
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
John Whiting, 21 & 134 Moor St.

Slip Number 736 - 737
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Wood, New Meeting St.

Slip Number 738 - 786
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Wm. Wright, No. 3 Moor St. and Smithfield, also 22 Digbeth and 99 Lichfield St.

Slip Number 787 - 792
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
D. Wrighton, 86 Snow Hill

Slip Number 793 - 797
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Coventry
Slip Number 798
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
R. Astill, Hertford Street

Slip Number 799 - 802
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
William Illiffe, Smithfield Street

Slip Number 803 - 804
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Wayland, Gosford Street

Slip Number 805 - 808
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Turner (1790-1840)

Madden 22 (Volume VII)

Kent
Slip Number 1
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
A. Brown, Deptford

Slip Number 2 - 115
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
C. Mate, No. 9 Market Place, Dover (c1810-1830)

Slip Number 116 - 117
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Rose, Greenwich

Slip Number 118
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Helyer, Greenwich

Slip Number 119
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Epps, Rochester

Slip Number 120 - 123
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. & T. Sweet, Strood

Surrey
Slip Number 124
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Russell, Bermondsey

Sussex
Slip Number 125 - 128
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Garland, Battle

Slip Number 129 - 185
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Phillip & Co., 13 Poplar Place, Brighton

Slip Number 186 - 190
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Phillip & Patching, 21 North Street, Brighton

Slip Number 191 - 220
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
R. Hook, 8 Market St., Brighton

Slip Number 221
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
No Imprint

Slip Number 222
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Charles Tourle, Edward Street, Brighton

Slip Number 223
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Mason, Chichester

Slip Number 224
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Smith, Hastings

Slip Number 225
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Randell, Hurstperpoint

Slip Number 226
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Wells, Hurstperpoint

Hampshire
Slip Number 227 - 228
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Bishop, Broad St. or Point, Portsmouth

Slip Number 229
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Harrison, Portsmouth

Slip Number 230
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Davies & R. Williams, Portsmouth

Slip Number 231 - 232
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Price, Portsmouth

Slip Number 233 - 235
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Gardner, Queen St., Portsea

Slip Number 236
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Horsey Sen., 42 Queen St., Portsea

Slip Number 237
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Jones, Havant St., Portsea

Slip Number 238 - 239
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G. Moxon, Queen St., Portsea

Slip Number 240 - 244
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Oxlade, 174 Queen St., Portsea

Slip Number 245
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Rogers, Portsea

Slip Number 246 - 249
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Trives & Son, St. George’s Square, Portsea

Slip Number 250 - 648
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Williams, No. 47 Queen St., Portsea

Slip Number (649) Missing

Slip Number 650 - 653
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
E. Hartnell, Victoria Arcade, Ryde, Isle of Wight

Slip Number 654 - 655
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
G.A. Hillier, Morpeth House, Ryde, Isle of Wight

Slip Number 656
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
H. Caplen, Newport, Isle of Wight

Madden 23 (Volume VIII).

Cornwall
Slip Number 1
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Arnley, Gowey

Devonshire
Slip Number 2 - 40
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
E. Keys, 7 James Street, Devonport (and sold by R. Stone, Exeter, W. Burridge, Truro, S. Read, Newport, C. Jeffries, Bristol) (1825-1843)

Slip Number 41 - 74
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Besley, Exeter
J. & H. Besley, Exeter

Slip Number 75
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Clark, Exeter

Slip Number 76
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Jeremiah Griffiths, Exeter

Slip Number 77 - 78
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Bates, Plymouth (c1844)

Dorset
Slip Number 79 - 91
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
M. Tucker, South Street, Bridport

Slip Number 92 - 142
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Ring Hurd, High Street, Shaftsbury (or Shaston)

Slip Number 143
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Arnold, 3 Narrow Wine St., Bristol

Slip Number 144 - 147
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
M. Baller, 50 Broadmead, Bristol

Slip Number 148 - 159
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Bennet, St. John’s Gate and Christmas St., Bristol (1813-1816)

Slip Number 160 - 171
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
John Bonner, 3 Narrow Wine St., and Buck St. (1806-1864)
Bonner & Henson, 3 Narrow Wine St., Bristol (1825-1830)
H. Bonner, Under Newgate (c1866)

Slip Number 172 - 181
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Clouter, No. 13 Castle St., Bristol (1806-1815)
S.B. Clouter, No. 28 Bath St., Bristol (1803-1805)

Slip Number 182 - 317
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Collard, Bridewell Lane and Hotswell Road, Bristol (1807-1846)

Slip Number 318 - 319
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
C. Huston, No. 2 Castle Green, Bristol

Slip Number 320 - 325
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Major, St. John’s Steps, John St., Bristol
Ann Major, St. John’s Steps, John St., Bristol (1814-1835)

Slip Number 326
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Marshall, Bristol

Slip Number 327 - 339
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
H. Shepherd, 6 Broad Weir and Temple Gate, Bristol (1823-1825)

Slip Number 340 - 353
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Smith, 6 Broad Weir, Bristol (1827-1830)

Slip Number 354 - 372
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Thomas Stevens Storer, No. 4 Narrow Wine St., Bristol (1805-1809)
T. Storer, 128 Temple St., Bristol (1809-1819)

Slip Number 373 - 393
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Taylor, 39 Temple St., Redcliff St., Bristol (1826-1864)

Slip Number 394 - 400
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Shenton, opposite the Town Clock, Cheltenham

Slip Number 403 - 553
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Willey, 219 Highstreet, Cheltenham

Slip Number 401 - 402
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
S.T. Harward, Cheltenham

Slip Number 554 - 642
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Clift, Dyer St., Cirencester (Letter to Madden - stopped printing 1856)

Slip Number 643 - 646
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Porter, Cirencester

Slip Number 647 - 648
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Shipway, Cirencester

Slip Number 649
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Turner, Cricklade St., Cirencester

Slip Number 651 - 658
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W. Price, Black Friars, Southgate St., Gloucester

Slip Number 659
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
W.F. Walden, Gloucester

Slip Number 660 - 661
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Reddell, No. 7 High Street, Tewkesbury

Slip Number 662 - 673
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T.S. Porter, Wooten-under-Edge and Cirencester

Somerset
Slip Number 674
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
J. Fryer, Westgate St., Bath

Slip Number 675 - 676
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
T. Whiteford, 27 Walcot Street and No. 2 Avon St., Bath

Wiltshire
Slip Number 677
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Ricketts, Highworth

Slip Number 678 - 723
Printer and Address (as imprinted):
Fowler, Silver Street, Salisbury

Slip Number 724 - 723
These are miscellaneous broadsides without imprints that Madden felt were from country printer’s but which he was unable to locate geographically. See note on p. 354 of Madden 23.

Irish Ballads

Madden 24 (Vol. I). After the title page of this volume there is a brief description in Madden’s hand stating how he obtained the volumes of Irish Ballads.

Slip Number 1 - 179
Newsheets of a scurrilous variety printed on large quarto sheets. These are invariably headed "Skelling List." All are from the city of Cork.

Slip Number 180 - 788
Song slips arranged alphabetically by title and the majority are without imprint. All are supposedly from printers active in the city of Cork. Among the printers named are the following: Haley, Hanover Street, Cork; J. & H. Baird, 30 Paul St., Cork; E. Size, Paul Street, Cork (a very few slips)

Madden 25 (Volume II). The sheets in this volume come from printers active outside Cork and once again the sheets are arranged alphabetically by title. A great many slips are without imprint and at the end of the volume there are a dozen or so slips originating in Edinburgh. The printers represented are as follows:

J. Hill, No. 8 Mary St., Dublin
Hayes, 134 Chapel St., Dublin
W. Birmingham, 92 Thomas St., Dublin
John F. Nugent, 35 New Rose St., Dublin
Anon., 11 Anglesea St., Dublin
E. Size, Quay Lane, Waterford
J. Smith, 34 High Street, Belfast
Limerick, near the Long Ferry
Wexford (no name)
Elder, Edinburgh
Grant, Edinburgh
Menzies, Edinburgh
Sanderson, High St., Edinburgh

Slips Number 1 - 627

Madden 26. This slim volume contains but 37 items which are for the main part 8vo or 4to sheets removed from early eighteenth-century song books. One or two particularly bawdy broadsides are also present. Of interest may be the following:

2. "The Tree of Life," with music and extra verses in manuscript in the margins. The song is a bawdy piece printed for the Anacreontic Society.

24. "The Plenipotentiary," an obscene broadside which appears in Robert Burns’ Merry Muses of Caledonia.

29. "The Wanton Wife of Bath," a retelling of Chaucer’s tale put out by Dicey from the Aldermary Yard Press.

36a. "The Colly Garden Tragedy; or the woful [sic] Downfall of Captain Bobadill." To the tune of St. George for England. A seven page chapbook.

At the beginning of the volume there is a price list which gives details of the purchase of 25 volumes of English Ballads: lot 356 at £443.0.0 plus one volume at £5.9.0.

Robert S. Thomson
Professor of English, The University of Florida

Footnotes

1 In volume 26 of the Madden Ballads there is at the beginning of the volume, a note, indicating that the 25 volumes of ballads were purchased at a price of £443.0.0 and one further volume (clearly the Burrow bawdry) at £5.9.0. These appear to be the prices paid by Henry Bradshaw on his own behalf when Madden’s library was sold. Bradshaw was Librarian at the University Library, Cambridge, and upon his death he left his famous and magnificent Irish Literature collection to the University. The Madden Ballads were purchased from the estate for the sum of £500.0.0, which was specially appropriated by the Senate of the University.

2 See: William Chappel. Roxburghe Ballads, Vols I - III. The Ballad Society, Hertford, Herts. 1871-80. J.W. Ebsworth. Roxburghe Ballads. Vols. IV - VIII. The Ballad Society, Hertford, Herts. 1883-97.

3 J.W. Ebsworth. Bagford Ballads. 2 vols. The Ballad Society, Hertford, Herts. 1878.

4 Hyder E. Rollins. The Pepys Ballads (1553-1702. 8 vols. Cambridge, Mass. 1929-32; A Pepysian Garland. Cambridge, Mass. 1922; The Pack of Autolycus or Strange and Terrible News…Cambridge, Mass. 1927.

5 John Holloway (editor.) The Euing Collection of English Broadside Ballads. University of Glasgow Publications. 1971.

6 MS Add 2646, pp. 5-6. University Library, Cambridge.

7 MSS Add 2687. University Library, Cambridge.

8 John Pitts’ history has been superbly researched and presented by Leslie Shepard in his John Pitts - Ballad Printer of Seven Dials, London… Private Libraries Association, London, 1969. Unhappily the information in Madden’s diary and the details of Pitts’ stock and his catalogues did not come to hand in time for inclusion in Shepard’s volume.

9 Catnach’s life has been told often--most notably in the two volumes by Charles Hindley; The History of the Catnach Press, London, 1887, and The Life and Times of James Catnach, London, 1878. More recently, Leslie Shepard has reviewed the literature in The History of Street Literature, London, 1973, including in his volume a copy of Catnach’s trade list of c1838--see pp. 216-223.

10 Full details of the transmission of ballad stock from printing house to printing house between the years 1624 and 1914 are given in R.S. Thomson, The Development of the Broadside Ballad Trade…unpublished Cambridge Ph.D. dissertation, 1974, University Library, Cambridge, pp. 28-167 and 279-311.

11 Thomas Crofton Croker published his Legendary Ballads of Ireland in 1840 and ostensibly collected the materials in the Irish countryside. Clearly, with the Madden Collection before us we can see he included a preponderance of broadside materials making no distinction apparently between traditional folk balladry and the products of the broadside press.