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Early American Medical Imprints, 1668-1820


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About this Collection

Early American Medical Imprints: 1668-1820

Publishers Preface

Many libraries contributed their holdings to the compilation of the microfilm collection of Early American Medical Imprints. We would like to especially note and thank the College of Physicians Library in Philadelphia, the New York Academy of Medicine Library in New York, and the History of Medicine Division of the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda. The librarians at these institutions, Elliott H. Morse, Thomas Basler, and Dr. John Blake, as well as their respective staffs, were especially generous of their time and bibliographic help all the while the filming was in progress.

We especially want to thank Dr. Whitfield Bell, Librarian of the American Philosophical Society Library in Philadelphia who first suggested to us the idea of doing the items listed in the Austin bibliography. We would like to think that we have produced a resource of permanent value for the study of the History of American Medicine and we are, therefore, pleased to draw attention to the fact that future scholarship has Dr. Bell to thank for originating this idea.

Publishers Introduction

This micropublication project was based on Robert B. Austins bibliography, Early American Medical Imprints: A Guide to Works Printed in the United States, 1668-1820 (Washington: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1961).

The microfilm collection attempted to film, in the order of the Austin bibliography, all of the meaningfully non-duplicatory items listed by Austin. Since Austin attempted to list all medical imprints for his chosen period, he lists all known pre-1821 editions of each title. This means, for example, that Austin has included ten different editions of John Browns The Elements of Medicine (Austin nos. 281-290) and thirty-four editions of William Buchans Domestic Medicine (Austin nos. 305-338). Most of these multiple edition titles are simple reprints of their predecessors; many have merely substituted for a cancelled title page. Since the microfilm collection was conceived as a resource for the history of medicine, the editors judged that it was possible to eliminate duplicatory items and thereby keep down the cost of the total project.

In addition to imprints, Austin added a list of thirty-six periodicals which he simply borrowed from Myrl Eberts paper, "The Rise and Development of the American Medical Periodical, 1797-1850," in Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 40 (July 1952), 243-276. These periodicals were also excluded from what is intended as an imprints microfilm project.

In general the editors tried to secure the first edition listed by Austin for a given title. Subsequent editions were then added in cases where it was judged that there was a meaningful change in the later edition. "Meaningful" was interpreted quite liberally. Thus, for example, the addition of a later authors preface was usually interpreted as reason enough for including the subsequent edition.

Employing these various criteria the microfilm project arrived at a preliminary total of 1750 items as eligible for inclusion in the microfilm collection. This figure was arrived at by taking Austins final total of 2106 items and first subtracting from it 320 duplicatory items, 36 periodical titles, and 2 cross reference listings (which do not cover separate titles but to which Austin assigned numbers, i.e., nos. 246 and 1285). This gives 1748 items. To this total were added two items, namely, nos. [590A] and [794A]. The former of these was a 1703 London edition of Nicholas Culpepers The English Physician. This edition was allowed to sully the Americana purity of the rest of the collection because the 1708 Boston edition of this work, listed by Austin as no. 590, was unavailable for microfilming and it was thought better to have some rather than no representation of this famous work, which was certainly available in the colonies in many of its London editions. No. [794A], on the other hand, is the Continuation of the Account of the Pennsylvania Hospital item listed by Austin under no. 794. Austin lists it as a distinct imprint--which it is--and it was therefore assigned the number [794A] by the present editors. The result of this editorial arithmetic is the total of 1750 items eligible to be included in the microfilm collection.

Of this total 1669 items were acquired according to the criteria for selecting editions that were mentioned above. An additional 20 items were acquired in other than the first edition listed by Austin. The remaining 61 items were unavailable for filming from any of the sources listed by Austin. Thus, the total number of items included in the microfilm collection is 1689. This amounts to a 96.5% completion percentage, an excellent completion percentage for this type of micropublication project.

Preface

Early in 1946 the National Library of Medicine was engaged in segregating Americana from the main body of its collection. The present work was begun at that time, as a generally useful guide as well as a tool for evaluating NLM holdings of these imprints in relation to the total output of the period.

As a starting point, all volumes of the Index-Catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon Generals Office, Evans American Bibliography, and Sabins Dictionary of Books Relating to America were checked for medical imprints issued prior to 1821. Checking was carried out in the published catalogs of other libraries, in regional bibliographies of American imprints, in dealers catalogs, and in the numerous references appended to medical publications pertaining to the period.

In 1958 a preliminary list of the titles assembled was reproduced and distributed to 35 selected libraries known to have substantial holdings in this area. The response and cooperation shown on the part of these libraries in checking the list was most gratifying; many new titles were added in this way. An amended list showing new titles not in the original checking copy was originally planned for issuance and distribution, but this stage was regretfully eliminated in the attempt to have the finished work appear on schedule in the Librarys 125th anniversary year.

As this is a first effort to form a basic list of medical works separately issued in this country before 1821, it is inevitable that it should be incomplete. The National Library of Medicine will welcome additions or corrections.

The primary purpose of this work is to be in fact the Guide which its title indicates. In addition, it exemplifies the special interests which the National Library of Medicine has and must always have in the history of American medicine. It will serve also happily to mark the 35 years of devoted service which Bob Austin has given to this Library, to the library profession, and to medicine.

Frank B. Rogers
National Library of Medicine
Washington, D.C., 1 May 1961

Introduction

In this work, medicine has been interpreted in its wider sense to include nursing, pharmacy, dentistry, child care, hygiene, first aid, education, and psychology; quackery, faith cures, and astrological medicine are also encompassed. Some works on veterinary medicine, compilations of morbidity and mortality statistics, and legislative works pertaining to medicine are included, but with no attempt in these areas to be all-inclusive. In the subjects of botany and chemistry only theses and syllabi are included. Works on water supply, instruction to the deaf and dumb, almanacs, directories, cook books, annual reports, circulars, and announcements of universities and institutions are excluded from this list. The titles listed here are books, pamphlets, theses, and broadsides; 36 periodical titles, selected from Miss Myrl Eberts paper, "The Rise and Development of the American Medical Periodical, 1797-1850" (Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 40:L243-76, July 1952) have been interspersed to round out the pattern of medical publications issued in the pre-1821 period.

While the scope of the list is broad, individual candidates for inclusion have been accepted only when the greater part of the text meets the scope criteria. Many imprints considered for inclusion have been eliminated after an examination of the texts revealed that they contained little or nothing of medical importance. For example, published sermons delivered on the occasion of epidemics or mortal sicknesses, or broadsides merely proclaiming public fasts during or after epidemics, have not been considered eligible for this list. On the other hand, some separately issued works for the pre-1821 period, ordinarily considered "nonmedical", do contain graphic descriptions of disease and its effect on community life, and make note of various drugs and home remedies in use at the time. A fascinating source of medical knowledge and practice of the period is to be found in some of the published accounts of criminal trials which contain testimony by physicians.

There is a vast store of unexplored material, as for example, in newspapers, which contains much of medical interest that deserves to be made known. A beginning has been made in this direction in Dr. Francesco Guerras American Medical Bibliography, now in press, covering the colonial period and the Revolutionary War.

Titles discovered through a checking of Evans American Bibliography presented various problems. Some entries, apparently, are based on booksellers advertising notices only, and could not be identified or found to have been actually printed. A list of the Evans numbers representing medical titles which fall into this category forms an appendix to the present work.

Uniform descriptive standards have been striven for. All copies could not be examined by the compiler and descriptions had to be drawn up from the information available. Because the revised preliminary edition of the check-list was not recirculated to the contributing libraries, it has been difficult to assign library holdings to variant printings of titles that turned up after the first returns from the preliminary list were received. On this point, the compiler asks the forbearance of those libraries which may be listed in error as the holders of a particular variant.

Exact punctuation of a title page has been followed wherever possible, but not capitalization or other typographical features. In transcribing the imprint, standard punctuation has been used. Roman numerals appearing in the imprint date have been converted to Arabic. Descriptions of titles appearing in this list are those of copies in the collection of the National Library of Medicine; for titles not in this Library, the description represents the copy held by the library identified by an asterisk preceding its symbol.

Acknowledgments

During the preparation of this volume many individuals were consistently cooperative and helpful. Among them many be mentioned:

Gertrude L. Annan, New York Academy of Medicine
Clifford K. Shipton, American Antiquarian Society
Louise Trowbridge, American Antiquarian Society Library
Edwin Wolf, 2d, Library Company of Philadelphia
W.B. McDaniel, 2d, College of Physicians of Philadelphia
Charles C. Colby, 3d, Boston Medical Library
Frederick G. Kilgour, Yale Medical Library
Henrietta T. Perkins, Yale Medical Library
Kenneth M. Setton, University of Pennsylvania
Eleanor E. Campion, Philadelphia Union Library Catalogue
James J. Heslin, New York Historical Society
Geraldine Beard, New York Historical Society Library
David L. Cowan, Rutgers University

I want to give special acknowledgment to those staff members of History of Medicine Division of the National Library of Medicine whose cataloging is so largely represented here: Dorothy M. Schullian, May G. Hardy, Marjorie Ann Stuff, Jane F. Gibbs, Roger J. Trienens; also Harriet C. Jameson (now of the University of Michigan). Without their devoted interest, patience, zeal, and encouragement this work could not have been accomplished.

Robert B. Austin

Key to Symbols

AU -- University of Alabama, University, AL
BM -- British Museum, London
CLM -- Los Angeles County Medical Association, Los Angeles, CA
CSmH -- Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, CA
CU-M -- University of California Medical Center, San Francisco
CtHi -- Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford
CtYM -- Yale University Medical School, New Haven, CT
DLC -- Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
DNLM -- National Library of Medicine, Washington, D.C.
ELRCS -- Royal College of Surgeons of England, London
GU -- University of Georgia, Athens
ICJ -- John Crerar Library, Chicago IL
ICRM -- Rush Medical College, Chicago, IL
IEN-M -- Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL
IU-M -- University of Illinois Medical Sciences Library, Chicago
InHi -- Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis
LNT-M -- Tulane University, Matas Medical Library, New Orleans, LA
MA -- Amherst College, Amherst, MA
MB -- Boston Public Library
MBM -- Boston Medical Library
MH -- Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
MHM -- Harvard University. Schools of Medicine, Public Health and Dental Medicine, Boston
MHi -- Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston
MSaE -- Essex Institute, Salem, MA
MWA -- American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, MA
MWiW -- Williams College, Williamstown, MA
MdHi -- Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore
MdBJ-W -- Johns Hopkins University. William H. Welch Medical Library, Baltimore
MdU-D -- University of Maryland Dental-Medical-Pharmacy and Nursing Library, Baltimore
MnSRM -- Ramsey County Medical Society, St. Paul, MN
N -- New York State Library, Albany
NHi -- New York Historical Society, NY
NN -- New York Public Library
NNC -- Columbia University, NY
NNNAM -- New York Academy of Medicine, NY
NNS -- New York Society Library, NY
NNU-M -- New York University. Bellevue Medical Center Libraries, NY
NcD -- Duke University, Durham, NC
NcU -- University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Nh -- New Hampshire State Library, Concord
NjR -- Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ
OCHP -- Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio, Cincinnati
OCLloyd -- Lloyd Library and Museum, Cincinnati, OH
OCLM -- Cleveland Medical Library, Cleveland, OH
OClWHi -- Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, OH
OkU-M -- University of Oklahoma, School of Medicine, Oklahoma City
PHi -- Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
PLF -- Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
PP -- Free Library of Philadelphia
PPAmP -- American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia
PPC -- College of Physicians of Philadelphia
PPF -- Franklin Institute, Philadelphia
PPG -- German Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
PPHa -- Hahnemann Medical College, Philadelphia
PPJ -- Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia
PPL -- Library Company of Philadelphia
PU -- University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
RHi -- Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence
RPB -- Brown University, Providence, RI
RPJCB -- John Carter Brown Library, Providence, RI
RPM -- Rhode Island Medical Society, Providence
ScC -- Charleston Library Society, Charleston, SC
ScCM -- Medical College of the State of South Carolina, Charleston
ScMS -- Medical Society of the State of South Carolina, Charleston
ScU -- University of South Carolina, Columbia
VtHi -- Vermont Historical Society, Montpelier
WaSp-M -- Spokane Medical Society Library, Spokane, WA

Appendix

Listed below are entries from Evans Bibliography not included in the present work. Some could not be verified as having been printed while others may exist but copies of them were not located.

Evans #

Author

Short Title

Date

2242

Mather

Some accountof inoculating

1721

2257

 

Distinct notions of the plague

1724

2535

Gibson

The farriers dispensatory

1724

2781

Mather

Several reasons

1726

2795

 

Onania

1726

2884

 

The Husbandmans guide

1727

3263

Colman

Narrative of the success of inoculating

1730

3276

 

An elegy onMrs. Mary Broadwell

1730

3277

2. ed.

An elegy onMrs. Mary Broadwell

1730

3664

Hall

Bitter afflications remembered

1733

3690

Misiatrus

The honour of the gout

1733

4202

Tennent

Every man his own doctor

1737

4244

Emerson

A word to those that are afflicted

1738

4505

Douglass

An account of the threat distemper

1740

4694

Cole

Dissertation on inoculating

1741

4899

Boston

Vote at a meeting of the select-men

1742

5026

 

Onania

1742

5031

Pennsylvania

[Report on unhealthy vessels]

[1742]

5493

South Carolina

[Broadside]

[1744]

6253

 

Treatise [on flatulence]

1748

7040

Lining

A description of the American yellow fever

 

7801

Thomson

A discourse on the preparation of the body

1756

9675

Garden

An account of the medical properties

1764

11524

Wesley

Primitive physick

1769

12840

MClurg

An experimental treatise

1773

12914

Packer

A journal of the life and travels

1773

13073

Wesley

Primitive physic

1773

13143

Bell

Proposals for printing

[1774]

13260

Duffield

[Advertisement of a "quack" medicine]

1774

13830

Bell

Proposals for printing

[1775]

15265

Connecticut

[Broadside]

[1777]

15775

Cowper

A narrative of the effects of a medicine

1778

18460

 

Der Erfahrene Americanische Haus-und-Stall- Artz

[1784]

19231

Rush

Observations uponthe tetanus

[1785]

20251

Buchan

Buchans family physician

1787

21588

Wesley

Primitive physic

1788

22280

Williams

Dr. Williams last legacy

1789

22319

Armstrong

Art of preserving health

1790

22376

Buchan

Domestic medicine

1790

22604

 

Kurtzgefasstes Arzney-Büchlein

1790

22865

Rush

An inquiry into the effects of spirituous liquors

[1790]

23335

Dorsey

A new and complete system

1791

23627

Newman

Treatise on schirrus tumours

1791

23794

Stearns

The American dispensatory

1791

24151

Buchan

Domestic medicine (13th ed.)

1792

24541

Merrimack Humane Society

Bylaws

1792

24542

Merrimack Humane Society

Laws

[1792]

24933

United States

[Broadside]

[1792]

26696

Bracken

Farriery improved

1794

26989

 

Foretokens of the pestilence

[1794]

27383

New Haven, CT

[Broadside]

[1794]

28260

Bell

A treatise onulcers

1795

28414

Cheselden

Anatomical tables

1795

28460

 

The complete farrier

1795

29063

 

The medical vade-mecum

1795

29458

 

A safe conduct

1795

29472

Schoepf

The American herbal

1795

29795

Vincent

Gods terrible voice

1795

30117

Bracken

Brackens farriery abridged

1796

30645

Jones

A new treatise on the consumption

1796

30842

 

Amerikanischer Haus- und Stall- Arzt

[1796]

31346

United States

An act relative to quarantine

[1796]

31805

Bertody

The art of curing

1797

31861

Bracken

The gentlemans pocket-farrier

1797

31883

Browne

Treatise on the yellow fever

[1797]

32195

Giraud

Sel spécifique et universel

[1797]

32667

Perkins

Evidences of the efficacy

[1797]

33232

Willis

The art of preventing diseases

1797

33835

Hamilton

Occasional observations

1798

35304

Church

A brief dissertation

1798

35576

 

A guide to the health of children

1799

35582

Hamilton

Occasional reflections

1799

35788

Massachusetts

Board of Health. [Broadside]

[1799]

35817

 

A method of raisingpointers

1799

Preface to Subject Guide

The need to provide a Subject Index that would unravel the wealth of information locked into the Microfilm Collection of Early American Imprints, 1668-1820, became a sort of crusade with me, finally culminating into a reality eight years after this publication first appeared.

In the guide published by Research Publications, Inc. (now Primary Source Microfilm, an imprint of the Gale Group) in 1973 listing the items in the Robert Austin bibliography, the citations compiled and edited by staff members read like a medical mystery. At times I felt truly inspired by the likes of Berton Roueché and Michael Crichton, while I followed the twisted paths and weak clues offered in the citations.

Vaguely stated or altogether missing subjects and sketchily described symptoms such as "...case of eruptive fever characterized by slight shivering...", or "...fevers lately to rife South Carolina...", are abundantly represented throughout the entire collection. Since Yellow Fever, Malaria, and Diphtheria were rampant during those times, such descriptions could easily apply to any of these diseases. One of the major causes for uncertainty in the selection of subject headings was caused by the quaint terminology used during the period covered by this collection, augmented by the confusing practice of applying the same terms to different diseases. On the other end of the spectrum was the use of different terms for a single disease. Excellent examples of both situations are Malaria, Yellow Fever, and Diphtheria, collectively referred to as Pestilential Fever; while Yellow Fever was also called: American Typhus, Barbados Distemper, Bilious Fever, Black Vomit, plus a few more names.

The more I advanced into the project, the more fascinated I became, and slowly began piecing together dates and geographical locations to determine the specific diseases that went unnamed in the citations. This type of detective work led me to seek help from outside sources on which to base my selection for the correct subject heading. It was a truly exhilarating feeling when I was able to establish that the same "pestilential disease" that had ravaged Louisiana in 1853-54, and Philadelphia in 1793 was Yellow Fever, while the 1836 outbreak in Pennsylvania was Typhus. In case of doubt, I have opted for more general categorizations, e.g., Communicable Diseases, trying to minimize any possible errors.

An interesting aspect of this collection is the large number of subjects encountered in a single citation. A case in point is item number 739, dealing with 15 different subjects. Another fascinating insight is revealed by item number 339, in which horses share top billing with humans, in a treatise for the prevention and cure of diseases. Realizing the important part that these animals played in the economic and social life of that period, it is only natural that their health be given as much attention as that of their masters.

Finally, I have appended to this introduction a list of the unusual terms used during the period covered by this collection, and their equivalent subject headings as taken from the 1981 edition of the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) published by the National Library of Medicine, as I am sure they will amuse and enlighten those using these indexes.

Bertha R. Almagro

List of Terms Used in the Citations Comprising the Microfilm Collection of Early American Medical Imprints, 1668-1820, with their Corresponding MeSH Headings

African fever = Yellow fever
American plague = Yellow fever
American typhus = Yellow fever
Angina suffocation = Diphtheria
Angina trachealis = Diphtheria
Asthenic fever = Typhus
Asthmatic quincy = Diphtheria
Autumnal fever = Malaria
Barbados distemper = Malaria; also Yellow fever
Barcelona fever = Yellow fever
Bilious fever = Yellow fever
Bilious plague = Yellow fever
Black vomit = Yellow fever
Bloody flux = Dysentery
Bona fever = Malaria
Burning fever = Typhoid
Canker distemper = Diphtheria
Canker rash = Scarlet fever
Cholera infantum = Gastroenteritis
Congestive fever = Typhus, Epidemic, Louse-borne
Consumptive = Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
Continued fever = Typhus; also Malaria & Yellow fever
Croup = Diphtheria; also Laryngitis
Cynanche maligna = Scarlet fever
Cynanche trachealis = Laryngitis
Dry-grips = Colic
Dumb ague = Malaria
Eastern distemper = Diphtheria
French pox = Syphilis
Gibraltar fever = Yellow fever
Great pox = Syphilis
Hungary fever = Typhus
Intermittent Fever = Malaria
Kings evil = Tuberculosis, Lymph node
Large pox = Syphilis
Lenticular petechial fever = Typhus
Lock jaw = Tetanus
Malignant congestive fever = Cholera
Malignant fever = Diphtheria, also Yellow fever, Typhus & Malaria
Malignant quensies = Diphtheria, also Scarlet fever
Marsh fever = Malaria
Miasmatic fever = Malaria
Mud fever = Leptospirosis
Negro poisoning = Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
Negro quarters fever = Typhus
Nervous fever = Typhus
Periodic fever = Malaria
Peripneumonia typhoidea = Typhus, Epidemic, Louse-Borne
Peruvian bark = Quinine
Pestilential disease = Yellow fever, also Malaria, Typhus & Plague
Pestilential fever = Typhus; also Malaria, Yellow fever and Plague
Phthisis = Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
Putrid fever = Typhus
Putrid sore throat = Diphtheria
Quartan fever = Malaria
Remittent fever = Malaria; also Yellow fever
Scarlatina anginosa = Scarlet fever
Scrofula = Tuberculosis, Lymph Node
Ship fever = Typhus, Epidemic, Louse-Borne
Sore throat distemper = Laryngitis; also Diphtheria
Spotted fever = Meningitis; also Diphtheria
Suffocated fever = Cholera
Suffocatio stridula = Laryngitis
Synocchus icteroides = Yellow fever
Throat distemper = Diphtheria
Vernal catarrh = Influenza
White swelling = Tuberculosis, Lymph node

List of "See" references for subjects

Abdominal cramps, see Colic
Absorption, Skin, see Skin Absorption
Alcohol Abuse, see Alcoholism
Amerinds, North American, see Indians, North American
Aphtae, see Stomatitis, Aphthous
Apoplexy, see Cerebrovascular Disorders
Birth Defects, see Abnormalities
Bouillauds Disease, see Rheumatic Fever
Bulla, see Blister
Cancer, see Neoplasms
Canker Sore, see Stomatitis, Aphthous
Cantharides, see Cantharidin
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, see Resuscitation
Chemotherapy, see Drug Therapy
Childbirth, see Labor
Chorea, Hereditary, see Huntington Chorea
Cold, Common see Common Cold
Community Health Education, see Health Education
Congenital Defects, see Abnormalities
Cord Blood, see Fetal Blood
Coryza, Acute, see Common Cold
Cowpox, see Vaccinia
Crippled, see Handicapped
Datura, see Stramonium
Deaf-Mutism, see Deafness
Deafness, Sensorineural, see Deafness
Death Rate, see Mortality
Deformities, see Abnormalities
Deontological Ethics, see Ethics
Disabled, see Handicapped
Dropsy, see Edema
Drowsiness, see Sleep Stages
Drug Evaluation, FDA Phase I, see Drug Evaluation
Drug Evaluation, FDA Phase II, see Drug Evaluation
Due Process, see Jurisprudence
Earthworms, see Oligochaeta
Eating Behavior, see Feeding Behavior
Education, Health, see Health Education
Effort, see Exertion
Emmenagogues, see Menstruation Inducing Agents
Endowments, see Financial Management
Enterocele, see Hernia
Epidemics, see Disease Outbreaks
Exercise, Physical, see Exertion
Feeding Patterns, see Feeding Behavior
Feelings, see Emotions
Food Adulteration, see Food Contamination
Gerontology, see Geriatrics
Gingivosis, see Gingival Diseases
Grippe, see Influenza
Group Health Insurance, see Insurance, Health
Gynecologic Diseases, see Genital Diseases, Female
Health Care Delivery, see Delivery of Health Care
Health Insurance, see Insurance, Health
Health Insurance, Voluntary, see Insurance, Health
Hearing Loss, Extreme see Deafness
Hemorrhage, Uterine, see Uterine Hemorrhage
Heredity, see Genetics
Hirudinea, see Leeches
Hives, see Urticaria
Hospital Pharmacy Service, see Pharmacy Service, Hospital
Hydrochloric Acid, Gastric, see Gastric Juice
Hydrogen Chloride, see Hydrochloric Acid
Hydrogen Cyanide, see Hydrocyanic Acid
Hydrophobia, see Rabies
Hydrops, see Edema
Hyperthermia, see Fever
Hypoxia, see Anoxia
Icterus, see Jaundice
Illumination, see Lighting
Indigency, Medical, see Medical Indigency
Indigent Care, see Medical Indigency
Infectious Diseases, see Communicable Diseases
Inguinal Hernia, see Hernia, Inguinal
Injuries, see Wounds & Injuries
Laxatives, see Cathartics
Lens Opacities, see Cataract
Lethargy, see Sleep Stages
Lumbar Region, see Lumbosacral Region
Lymphadenitis, Tuberculous, see Tuberculosis, Lymph Node
Menstrual Cycle, see Menstruation
Mental Hospitals, see Hospitals, Psychiatric
Mesmerism, see Hypnosis
Metaethics, see Ethics
Milk Sickness, see Plant Poisoning
Miscarriage, see Abortion
Nautical Medicine, see Naval Medicine
Negroes, see Blacks
Neurosis, Hypochondriacal, see Hypochondriasis
Nightmares, see Dreams
Oral Medicine, see Dentistry
Outbreaks, see Disease Outbreaks
Over the Counter Drugs, see Drugs, Non-Prescription
Oxygen Deficiency, see Anoxia
Patent Medicines, see Drugs Non-Prescription
Periadenitis, see Stomatitis, Aphthous
Pertusis, see Whooping Cough
Petechiae, see Purpura
Pharmacotherapy, see Drug Therapy
Phlegmasia Alba Dolens, see Thrombonphlebitis
Physical Effort, see Exertion
Physically Handicapped, see Handicapped
Pit Viper Venoms, see Crotalid Venoms
Plasmodium Infections, see Malaria
Polishes, Dental, see Dentifrices
Proverbs, see Aphorisms & Proverbs
Puericulture, see Child Care
Pulmonary Diseases, see Lung Diseases
Purgatives, see Cathartics
Rattlesnake Venoms, see Crotalid Venoms
Retirement Benefits, see Pensions
Rubeola see Measles
Scorbutus, see Scurvy
Scrofula, see Tuberculosis, Lymph Node
Sedatives, see Hypnotics and Sedatives
Senescence, see Aging
Situational Ethics, see Ethics
Stroke, see Cerebrovascular Disorders
Suffocation, see Asphyxia
Teleological Ethics, see Ethics
Thrombosis, Venous, see Thrombophlebitis
Traditional Birth Attendant, see Midwifery
Trauma, see Wounds & Injuries
Tumors, see Neoplasms
Typhus, see Typhus, Epidemic, Louse-Borne
Ulcer, Aphthous, see Stomatitis, Aphthous
Umbicial Cord Blood, see Fetal Blood
Utilitarianism, see Ethics
Varicella, see Chickenpox
Variola, see Smallpox
Vegetative State, see Coma
Venous Thrombosis, see Thrombophlebitis
Vermifuges, see Anthelmintics
Vesication, see Blister