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John F. Kennedy Administration Collection: Files of Walter H. Heller, CEA Chairman, 1969-1964


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About this Collection

Introduction: Files of Walter W

Introduction: John F. Kennedy Administration Collection:Files of Walter W. Heller During His Term as Chairman of the Council ofEconomic Advisers, 1961-1964

 

Before a researcher attempts to analyze the agency recordson file at the John F. Kennedy Library, it is important to understand thehistory of the collections and the acquisitions guidelines of the particularmaterial selected. This introduction describes the history, planning,methodology, and scope of the collection of Kennedy administration records onmicrofilm.

 

The Early Stages

 

Prior to John F. Kennedys inauguration, historian ArthurSchlesinger, Jr., Harvard President Nathan M. Pusey, and Harvard Librarian PaulH. Buck approached the president-elect in order to convince him to follow theexamples of the most recent presidents and establish a presidential libraryadministered by the National Archives and Records Service (NARS). Since theplan for these institutions usually was developed late in an administration,after many of the important collections had been donated to privateinstitutions, these men believed that if the president made it clear early inthe administration that he would like commitments from members of the staff todonate their papers to the library, the facility could offer historians andscholars a more complete picture of the Kennedy administration. This plandistinguished the Kennedy Library from the existing presidential libraries atthe time - the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, the Harry S. Truman Library, andthe Dwight D. Eisenhower Library - because these three institutions housed thepersonal and public papers of the president but few collections of the personalpapers of members of the cabinet and staff. As Buck later wrote:

 

Our objective has been nothing less than the finestcollection of primary source materials ever brought together under one roof forresearch in a specific period. An outstanding collection surpassing in qualityany ever before assembled, is promised by the Presidents interest, by theearly start that has been made in planning and collecting.1

 

On September 20, 1961, the president appointed an informalcommittee to develop and expand plans for a presidential library. Members ofthis committee included Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., special assistant to thepresident; Theodore Sorensen, special counsel to the president; Paul Buck andGarde Wiggins of Harvard University; Wayne C. Grover, archivist of the UnitedStates; and Herman Kahn, assistant archivist. In November, President Kennedyformally announced his intention to establish a presidential library inCambridge, Massachusetts, to be operated by the NARS in association withHarvard University. The committee had to address several responsibilities:locating a suitable site, outlining an organizational structure, developing afund-raising plan, and writing an extensive acquisitions policy. By May 1962the committee had completed an acquisitions policy statement that Schlesingersent to top executive personnel, in which he communicated the Presidents hopethat his friends and associates will wish to assist in making the collectionsas complete as possible.2

 

Personal correspondence files, official correspondencefiles, work aids, notes, memorandums, personal accounts of events written asreminders, observations of high officials, extra copies of speeches,congressional testimony, reading files, and press releases were the types ofmaterials requested, not the complete official original records of eachdepartment or agency. Schlesinger also requested microfilm or paper copies ofofficial records that would help document the administrations major policies.

 

Schlesingers guidelines assisted the departments andagencies in identifying pertinent materials. The amount of documents in theWhite House was so enormous that by the end of April 1963 it was estimated thatthe Kennedy Library would have to be much larger than initially planned inorder to accommodate an expected eight years of presidential material. InOctober 1963, President Kennedy selected a building site next to the HarvardBusiness School along the banks of the Charles River. (These plans were laterchanged; the library is now located on Columbia Point in Boston.)

 

A Change of Plans

 

Kennedys assassination and the resignation or replacementof many of his appointees accelerated the pace of the librarys acquisitions. Asystematic program directed by Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy was mostlycompleted in fewer than eight months. The microfilming of department and agencyrecords was an essential part of this program.

 

On December 9, 1963, Robert Kennedy appointed a coordinatingcommittee to compile lists of important issues and subjects during the Kennedyadministration. These lists were then compared to the lists of availablematerial being compiled by individual agencies. In a December 19, 1963, letterto the department heads, Robert Kennedy reemphasized the acquisitions goals:Our most important immediate problem in connection with the John F. KennedyMemorial Library is the collecting of the significant papers and documents ofthe Kennedy Administration. To do this quickly, while memories and experienceare still fresh, will require the close cooperation of all agency anddepartment heads.3

 

By January 1, 1964, each agency head was to have submittedlists of topics involving presidential decision or interest. In a letter todepartment and agency heads, Robert Kennedy requested, as top priority,originals or copies of the papers, memorandums, notes, and correspondence ofthe head of each agency. The next priority was to make copies of selectedportions of the official records of the department or agency. This materialwould include staff papers, memoranda, and other documents relating to themajor Kennedy Administration issues, as well as papers on any subject, major orminor, in which the President took a personal interest, which went to him forthe decision, or which emerged in response to Presidential request.4He further stated:

 

I know this project will be a drain on your time and resources.But only in this way can we hope to build a collection which accuratelyreflects the career, the hopes and the achievements of President Kennedy andwhich fully illuminates the issues of his time.5

 

President Lyndon B. Johnson instructed the department andagency heads to provide full cooperation. However, no matter how dedicated andorganized the participants were, this project proved to be extremely intricate,time-consuming, and difficult at times. Even Robert Kennedy, after reviewingthe lists of the Department of Justice material, stated:

 

Lets decide what the issues are. Could you say now or anyof you say here what projects in the Department of Justice you should collect?In the Department of Defense? We would like to exchange views with someone.Would you want the weekly reports by the heads of Tax and Civil Divisions? Ithink and I am sure the other Cabinet members would like to get someguidelines.6

 

Questions about what to include were not limited to theDepartment of Justice. Most of the agencies deliberated the same question: Whatexactly is important in the history of the administration? The coordinatingcommittee was to help solve this problem by reviewing the lists submitted bythe agencies. The next step was to send microfilm teams to each agency from theNARS, with the exception of five agencies that used their own film crews.

 

On January 18, 1964, the Washington Post providedsome insight into the project as a whole, specifically the filming of the CivilRights Division of the Department of Justice:

 

The Federal Government began to turn itself upside downthis week in a massive effort to put on microfilm the official records of theKennedy Administration.

 

Other presidential libraries contain the personal papers ofthe President, the files of the White House, personal papers of friends andassociates and some kinds of audio-visual materials, but no officialGovernment records.

 

So yesterday, as they had done all week and as they wouldcontinue to do for no-one-knows-how-long, a group of microfilmers from theNational Archives processed the records that Department heads had designated asrelevant to Mr. Kennedys main interests.7

 

Unlike the filming of retired records, the filming of muchof this material included active files still used by the agencies in question.Therefore, records were not removed to other locations but instead were filmedin and around the daily working offices. The filming continued at the otheragencies in the same way and ran smoothly considering the obviousorganizational obstacles. However, when the film crews encountered restrictedor classified materials, many of the agencies refused to cooperate, citingSection 7(c) of Executive Order 10501 as their justification. This orderprovides safeguards for the administration, access, and copying of classifiedmaterials. Agency heads refused to permit microfilming without presidentialauthorization.

 

In July, President Johnson was unwilling to issueauthorization. Department of Justice attorneys then determined that section7(c) was not applicable to the acquisition of documents for archival purposes,and therefore neither the approval of the originating agency nor of thepresident was necessary.8 Filming resumed shortly. By mid-1964 overtwo million pages of documents had been microfilmed.

 

The Collections Today

 

Presently, the John F. Kennedy Librarys holdings arepartially comprised of 2,573 rolls of federal records. Thirty-nine federalrecords collections were acquired in microfilm and 14 in hard copy. Twenty-threecollections of personal papers were obtained in microfilm, with the remaining147 collections in hard copy. Sixty percent of the rolls of microfilm remainclosed.

 

Each agencys files consist of a variety of materials.General collection policy guidelines provided an outline as to the types ofmaterials desired, but individual agencies were given the latitude to selectdocuments that fit into the guidelines. Each collection emphasizes varioussubjects and is organized differently. For example, the U.S. Department of theInterior records are comprised of files from several offices, includinglegislation papers from the Office of the Solicitor, Fish and Wildlife Servicedata on the use of pesticides, and Bureau of Indian Affairs records containingtask force minutes and publications.

 

The Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW)collection includes files of several task forces, committees, and legislationenacted on subjects such as education, welfare, the National Service Corps, andmental retardation. For some subjects, such as the HEW mental retardationfiles, the microfilm offers the librarys most complete resource of backgroundmaterial and working files on the Presidents Panel on Mental Retardation andthe Secretarys Committee on Mental Retardation. This file includes theproposed commission, selection of panel members, meetings, and conferencerecommendations. In conjunction with these files a researcher could then referto the librarys nonmicrofilm collections of Presidents Office Files, thepersonal papers of Elizabeth Boggs, and the staff files of Myer Feldman andStafford Warren.

 

The holdings of the Kennedy Library also contain the filesof the Presidents Commission on the Status of Women and several oral historyinterviews involving the issue of equal pay. The Womens Bureau records fromthe U.S. Department of Labor collection also present further information. Thefiles include state programs, legislative proposals, and background material onthe Equal Pay Act of 1961.

 

Often the microfilm collections not only provide backgroundinformation complementing existing files but also serve as a primary source ona particular topic. The U.S. Housing and Home Finance Agency files on thelegislative history of the Housing Act of 1961 are more detailed than the othercollections on the housing issue. Records of the U.S. Office of EmergencyPlanning also provide a firsthand look at the governments response to naturaldisasters nationwide.

 

The papers and records of Walter Heller are also distinctive.This collection provides both the files of the Council of Economic Advisers andgovernment committees, as well as his personal files from 1941 to 1971.Researchers interested in the economic policies of the Kennedy administrationshould regard these files as a critical resource.

 

Sometimes a subject is included in more than one microfilmcollection. For example, if a researcher is interested in examining the Kennedyadministrations approach to youth services and programs, aside from thepresidents papers and selected personal papers, he should also examine thefollowing HEW records: committee files and legislative data on juveniledelinquency and on school dropouts; public assistance programs, including Aidto Dependent Children; legislation details on tax deductions for child-careexpenses; models and background information on the National Service Corps; andreports and summaries of other action programs. The Department of the Interiorrecords provide further details on youth employment, with specific emphasis onthe Youth Conservation Corps, and a legislative history of the act establishingthe Corps. The Department of Labor files provide data on the Youth EmploymentAct of 1961, the Presidents Committee on Youth Employment, as well as the 1960White House Conference on Children and Youth.

 

These and other collections offer important insights intothe Kennedy administrations response to the domestic problems of the early1960s. From a historians perspective, an agencys records can offer a uniqueview into how and why certain issues were important, how they were handled, towhom they were referred, and how they were solved. The agency recordssupplement files of administration personnel and demonstrate the implementationof the Kennedy administrations policies by the bureaucracy. Many times eventhe personal papers of agency heads do not offer a complete perspective of theagency itself. Just as research would be incomplete if the papers of keyadministration personnel were not examined for a particular project so, too,would research that did not include a review of the agency files. Such anexamination of the agencys working records presents a more complete picture ofhistorical discussion.

 

Maura Porter
Reference Archivist
John F. Kennedy Presidential Library

 

Footnotes

 

1Letter by Paul Buck,Kennedy Library 1963 folder, Presidents Office Files, box 130, John F.Kennedy Library, Boston, Massachusetts (hereafter JFKL).

 

2Letter, Arthur M.Schlesinger, Jr., May 23, 1962, Kennedy Library 9/2/61 - 12/24/63 folder,Theodore C. Sorensen Papers, box 35, JFKL.

 

3 Letter, Robert F. Kennedy to heads of departments and agencies,December 19, 1963, Collection of Materials - Letter to Agency Heads folder,Papers of Robert F. Kennedy. Attorney Generals Papers, JFK Library File, box11, JFKL.

 

4Ibid.

 

5Ibid.

 

6Minutes, JFK LibraryCorporation meeting, December 9, 1963, Meetings and Memoranda, 11/63 - 12/63folder, Robert F. Kennedy, Attorney Generals Papers, JFK Library File, box 15,JFKL.

 

7Susanna McBee,Records of Kennedy Era Microfilmed for Library, Washington Post,January 18, 1964, Kennedy Library, 1/2/64 - 1/30/64 folder, Theodore S.Sorensen Papers, box 35, JFKL.

 

8Memorandum, NormanSchlei to Robert Kennedy, July 13, 1964, Collection of Materials Memorandum,7/13/64 folder, Robert F. Kennedy, Attorney Generals Papers, JFK LibraryFile, box 11, JFKL.

 

 

Scope and Content Note

 

The Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) files of Walter W.Heller cover the period from 1961 to 1964 with a few documents from the late1950s and 1960. Although the title frame is dated April 1964, the material goesthrough November 1964.

 

During this period, Dr. Heller served as the White Houseeconomic adviser to both Presidents Kennedy and Johnson and as chairman of theCEA. In the latter capacity he headed the other two members of the Council, asupporting professional secretarial and clerical staff and a changing cast ofeconomic consultants.

 

In this dual role he chaired and served on many governmentcommittees (e.g., the Cabinet Committee on Economic Growth); headed a personalinformational and advisory service for the president; functioned as agovernment liaison with business, labor, and consumer advisory groups;supervised the preparation of an annual economic message and report; testifiedbefore Congress; and delivered many speeches on behalf of the CEA.

 

The files document the activities of the Council in generaland of Dr. Heller in particular as well as Dr. Hellers personal associationswith his friends and colleagues and participation in professionalorganizations. Duplication and overlapping in the files clearly reflect theextensive overlapping of Dr. Heller and the Councils functions.

 

The files are broken down into series either by subject,chronologically or generically by type of item (e.g., staff memoranda); thesubject breakdown is the most frequent. There is a great deal of repetitionacross categories. Because the material was microfilmed in its original workingorder, the order has not been altered despite the following inconsistencies.

 

Arrangement of the series follows no definite pattern and atleast one series, Steel, is seriously misfiled. Filing within series themselvesis often haphazard. When there is a recognizable order within a series, foldersare still often misfiled. Occasionally the contents of a folder are misfiled.There are quite a few empty folders, which are marked as such on the foldertitle list following. Folders are often filed within folders without anindication of where the insert ends and the other folder resumes. Such insertsare only included on the folder title list if they are completely unrelated tothe folder in which they are filed.

 

About the Records

 

Some of the microfilm rolls in the collection are not includedin this collection because they contain security-classified information. Theserolls are noted and described in the roll contents.

 

The JFKL Roll No. is the roll number of the set found atthe John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. They are included in this guide as areference for researchers who may consult with or travel to the library and usethat set.

 

Biographical Note

 

Walter W. Heller

 

1915: August 27, Born, Buffalo, New York

 

1935: A.B., Oberlin College

 

1938: M.A., University of Wisconsin

 

1941: Ph.D., University of Wisconsin

 

1942-46: Fiscal economist and Consultant, Department of theTreasury

 

1946-50: Associate Professor of Economics, University ofMinnesota, Minneapolis

 

1947: Visiting Lecturer, University of Wisconsin

 

1947-48; 1954-57; 1965-69: Consultant, Committee on EconomicDevelopment

 

1950: Visiting Lecturer, University of Washington

 

1950-: Regents Professor of Economics, University ofMinnesota

 

1951: Visiting Lecturer, Harvard University

 

1952-60: Consultant, United Nations

 

1955-60: Tax Adviser to the Governor of Minnesota

 

1957-61: Chairman, Department of Economics, University ofMinnesota

 

1961-64: Chairman, Council of Economic Advisers

 

1964-: Member, Organization for Economic Cooperation andDevelopment Group of Fiscal Experts

 

1965-69: Consultant, Executive Office of the President

 

1965-69: Member, Treasury Committee on InternationalMonetary Arrangements

 

1987: June 15, Died, Silverdale, Washington

 

 

Description of Series

 

Note: Dashes (--) listed below indicate classified rolls.None of these rolls appears in the Scholarly Resources edition.

 

SR Roll No. 1-13
JFKL Roll No. 1-14

Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1961-1964. 14 rolls.
This series contains correspondence with the clippings, reprints, and reports,especially outside commercial reports, that were sent as enclosures, arrangedby year and then alphabetically by correspondent. The letters are from thegeneral public, peripheral acquaintances, and from businessmen. They wereaddressed to the White House, sometimes the President specifically, or to theCEA directly. They are either requests for economic information, commentarieson the economy, or employment inquiries.

 

SR Roll No. 13-16
JFKL Roll No. 15-18

Correspondence with Individuals, 1961-1964. 4 rolls.
This series contains correspondence with enclosures of articles and reportsfiled alphabetically by correspondent with a folder for each correspondent.This is the more important correspondence with more important people (othereconomists, government figures and friends, both in the United States andabroad) than the Miscellaneous Correspondence series above.

 

SR Roll No. 16-18
JFKL Roll No. 19, 21-24
Correspondence with Other Federal Agencies, 1961-1964. 5 rolls.
This series contains correspondence with and schedules, charts, reports,printed material, and press releases from other government agencies. Thismaterial is arranged alphabetically by agency, with each agency having its ownfolder, and generally chronologically within each folder. Most of this materialis the more routine interagency correspondence and agency handouts. U.S.Chamber of Commerce material is mistakenly filed here.

 

SR Roll No. --
JFKL Roll No. 20
Steel, 1963-1964. 1 roll.
This series contains memoranda, notes (some handwritten), reports, articles, andcorrespondence on the steel situation in general and documenting specificmeetings on the situation. This is a very detailed file on the steel crisis; itis, however, very rough and there are many gaps. Much of the material is in Dr.Hellers handwriting.

 

SR Roll No. 19-28
JFKL Roll No. 25-39
Subject File, 1961-1964. 15 rolls.
This series contains correspondence, reports, articles, memoranda, printedmaterials, handwritten notes, press releases, and drafts of speeches andarticles on a great variety of subjects and a smaller number of organizations,publications, and radio and television programs. The material is divided up bysubject with a folder for each subject and then generally filed alphabeticallyby folder title. However, some of the material is filed greatly out of orderand many of the subjects overlap. There is little continuity in the use offolder titles. A title, or subject category, was frequently used for a shorttime; when material on that same topic next came to the file it was likely tobe filed under a different topic as often as not. The researcher shouldtherefore review all the folder titles, not just the likely ones.

 

SR Roll No. 29-34
JFKL Roll No. 40-45
Comments on Legislation, 1961-1964. 6 rolls.
This series contains legislative referral memos from the Bureau of the Budget;the resulting formal CEA opinions on legislation; a small amount ofcorrespondence relating to legislation, some from Congressmen; drafts andreprints of bills at all stages of passage; and miscellaneous material relatingto specific pieces of legislation. The series begins with a generalchronological file and a file of copies of miscellaneous legislation. There isa file of general material - background, draft and final - for the legislativeprograms each year. The remainder and the bulk of the series consists offolders containing assorted material on specific pieces of legislation and atleast one executive order. These are very roughly arranged in reversechronological order by year but not by month.

 

At the end of the series there is a small number of folderslabeled by subject, e.g., Antitrust Cases. These folders contain the same typeof material as the earlier ones but have a greater amount of backgroundmaterial, articles, and reports. Because this material is followed by thepersonal correspondence and personnel files of Joseph Walka, it may be thebackground material that Walka planned to leave for his successor.

 

SR Roll No. 34-35; --
JFKL Roll No. 46-47; 48-55
Meetings and Public Appearances, 1961; Meetings, 1962-1964. 10 rolls.
This series contains correspondence, texts and drafts of speeches, reports,memos, preparatory material, schedules, programs, articles, and handwrittennotes relating to meetings - both foreign and domestic, governmental and private- attended by or at which speeches were given by a Council member. There is afolder for each speech or appearance and these are filed in very roughchronological order by the date of the event.

 

SR Roll No. 36-37
JFKL Roll No. 56-62
Chron Files, 1961-1964. 7 rolls.
The bulk of this series is a straight correspondence file of the letters,memos, and lists originating in the CEA arranged in reverse chronologicalorder. There is no file for July 1962. Within this series there is a subseriesof Black Books which seems to consist of correspondence with well-known people.Although the Chron Files from January 1961-December 1962 refer to the BlackBooks, these Black Books were microfilmed for January-February 1962 andSeptember-December 1962 only. There is also one file of these Memos for thePresident (General Subject), November-December 1961 which includes memos forthe White House staff as well as for the President and which should be filed inthe Memos for the President series (roll 92).

 

SR Roll No. 38-39
JFKL Roll No. 63-65
White House Referrals, 1961-1964. 3 rolls.
This series contains letters and telegrams with enclosures and covering memoswhich were referred by the White House to the CEA to either answer or draftsuitable replies for White House signatures. The bulk of the material, 24folders, is correspondence with the general public similar to the MiscellaneousCorrespondence series, rolls 1-14. The correspondence is divided upalphabetically by the name of the correspondent with a folder for each letter.Within each folder the material is arranged roughly in reverse chronologicalorder. The correspondence covers the period 1962-1964. The last half of thethird roll consists of the subseries White House Signature: Drafts for. Thismaterial dates from 1961-1964, although very little is from 1964. This file isthe correspondence, enclosures, covering memos, and draft replies for the moreimportant correspondents, e.g., editors, publishers, Congressmen, and formerand future government officials. The drafts are intended for signing by theWhite House staff in many instances.

 

SR Roll No. 39
JFKL Roll No. 66-70
Internal Correspondence - Staff members, Council of Economic Advisers,1961-1964. 5 rolls.
This series contains memorandums from CEA staff members arranged in roughreverse chronological order and divided into four subseries: 1) CEA Staff andCouncil Members (Memos) covers the period 1961-1963; 2) The bulk of the file isfiled by the name of the staff member with a folder (or more) for each staff memberexcluding Dr. Heller. These files cover 1961-1964 and include correspondenceand reports as well as memos; 3) Intra-office Memoranda (other than CEA)contains two 1961 items: one misfiled letter and a memo; 4) The Staff memosfile consists of mostly 1963 memos, with additional items from 1961-1964.

 

SR Roll No. --
JFKL Roll No. 71-72
Staff Memoranda, 1961-1964. 2 rolls.
This series contains memorandums originating in the CEA divided into files ofmemos relating to staff meetings and of memos filed by originator. Bothsections are filed in reverse chronological order. The material on staffmeetings dates from 1961-1964 and includes other correspondence and a smallamount of background material, such as speech texts and articles, relating tothe subject of the meeting. In the beginning of the series, without any folderdifferentiation, an internal administrative file begins after the staff meetingmaterial, which consists of weekly reports by staff members. The remainder andbulk of the series is a file of staff memos arranged by the name of theoriginating staff member, covering the years 1961-1963. A small file of memosfor the President or his staff and one for other government officials consistsof short memos on aspects of the economic situation. The files of staff memoswere bound in books covering different time spans and are much less completethan the Internal Correspondence files on rolls 66-70.

 

SR Roll No. --
JFKL Roll No. 73
Cabinet Committee on Economic Growth, 1962-1963. 1 roll.
This series contains notes, correspondence, memos, reports, and backgroundmaterials on the meetings of the committee filed by meeting date. The committeewas established in August 1962 at President Kennedys request. Members were theChairman of the Council of Economic Advisers, chairman; the Director of theBureau of the Budget; and the Secretaries of Treasury, Commerce, and Labor. Theoriginal purpose of the committee was to develop a consensus on the size andoverall composition of the 1962 tax cut. In 1964 the committee was interestedin automation.

 

SR Roll No. 40
JFKL Roll No. 74
Committee on Economic Impact of Defense and Disarmament, 1963-1964. 1/4roll.
This series contains correspondence, memos, reports, and press releasesrelating to the organization of the committee, which was established informallyin July 1963. It was established formally in December 1963, and the bulk of thematerial covers the organization, staffing, and work between December 1963 andOctober 1964. Members of the committee were officials from the Departments ofDefense, Commerce, and Labor, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, AEC, NASA,Bureau of the Budget, OEP, Office of Science and Technology, and CEA, chairman.The purpose of the committee was to coordinate federal information and actionon the economic impact of defense spending and changes therein. A 1961 letterfrom economists requesting the establishment of such a committee is included.

 

SR Roll No. 40
JFKL Roll No. 74
Committee on Federal Credit Programs, 1962-1963. 1/4 roll.
This series includes correspondence, memos, reports, drafts, schedules ofmeetings, and press releases relating to the writing of the report of thecommittee and the implementation of the reports recommendations. Thecommittee, consisting of the Secretary of the Treasury, the Director of theBureau of the Budget, the Chairman of the CEA, and the Chairman of the Board ofGovernors of the Federal Reserve System, was established in March 1962. Thematerial begins with the printed report, followed by a great deal of materialfrom 1962 mainly in reverse chronological order on writing the report(including several drafts and background material), followed by a small amountof material in implementation from 1963.

 

SR Roll No. 40
JFKL Roll No. 74
Committee on Financial Institutions, 1962-1963. 1/2 roll.
This series includes drafts, memos, correspondence, and press releases relatingto the establishment of the committee and the writing of its report. Thecommittee was established in March 1962 to evaluate how the government couldchange its policy toward private financial institutions so that economicgrowth, stability, and efficiency would be promoted. It consisted of theSecretaries of the Treasury, Agriculture, and HEW; the Director of the Bureauof the Budget; the Chairmen of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and the CEA;the Boards of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal DepositInsurance Corporation; the Comptroller of the Currency, the Attorney General;and the Administrator of the Housing and Home Finance Agency. The material isgenerally filed in reverse chronological order. There is one 1964 memomistakenly filed here.

 

SR Roll No. 41
JFKL Roll No. 75
Committee on Corporate Pension Funds, 1962-1964. 1/3 roll.
This series contains correspondence, clippings, memos, and reports relating tothis committee and the Presidents Advisory Committee on Labor-ManagementPolicy. The Committee on Corporate Pension Funds was established in March 1962to review legislation and administrative practice relating to pension programs.Included in this material are the November 1962 provisional report of thecommittee, the Presidents Advisory Committees December 1963 report, and theMay 1964 Committee on Corporate Pension Funds final report. The committee wascomposed of representatives from the Departments of Labor, Treasury, Health,Education, and Welfare, the Bureau of the Budget, the Council of EconomicAdvisers, the Federal Reserve System, and the Securities and ExchangeCommission. The materials are filed in reverse chronological order.

 

SR Roll No. 41
JFKL Roll No. 75
Committee on Civilian Technology (also known as Scientific and EconomicPolicy Committee, 1961-1963. 1/3 roll.
This series contains correspondence relating to the Committee on CivilianTechnology, reports (some from outside sources such as the Rand Corporation),and background material on a wide range of matters from Coal Stockpiling toPesticides. Under the joint auspices of the Presidents Special Assistant forScience and Technology, the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers, andthe Secretary of Commerce, the committees function was to coordinate effortsto stimulate civilian technology. The materials are arranged in reversechronological order.

 

SR Roll No. 41-43
JFKL Roll No. 75-77
Consumer Advisory Council, 1962-1964. 3-1/3 rolls.
This series consists of a large collection of correspondence, memos, reports,articles, resumes, and news releases on the establishment and functioning ofthe Consumer Advisory Council and the selection of a chairman. It includescorrespondence from Council members and the general public, and material onconsumer-related legislation such as Truth in Lending.

 

SR Roll No. 44
JFKL Roll No. 78-79
Cabinet Committee on Balance of Payments, 1962-1964. 2 rolls.
This series includes reports, correspondence, articles, notes, meetingsummaries, memos, and background material on the balance of payments situation.The material is generally arranged by committee meeting. The Council ofEconomic Advisers was represented on this inter-Cabinet committee which waschaired by Treasury.

 

SR Roll No. --
JFKL Roll No. 80-83
Economic Policy Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation andDevelopment, 1961 and 1963. 4 rolls.
This series contains cables, meeting notes, clippings, memos, reports, andbackground material on this international organization, generally arranged bymeeting. Dr. Heller served as chairman of the U.S. delegation, and GardinerAckley and John Lewis chaired delegations to subgroups. This file served mainlyas background material for them. EPC meetings took place in April 1961,February and June 1962, and February, July, and November 1963. The bulk of thematerial covers the June 1962 meeting and is further subdivided by type ofmaterial, e.g., Cables.

 

SR Roll No. --
JFKL Roll No. 84
Committee on Economic Development, 1961-1963. 1/2 roll.
This series contains correspondence with members of Dr. Hellers privateorganization of businessmen, copies of the committees internal publication, EconomicDevelopments, and committee reports. Dr. Heller was a member of theSubcommittee on Collegiate Education for Business and most of the materialrelates to this subcommittee.

 

SR Roll No. --
JFKL Roll No. 84
Committee on Urban Economics, 1961-1963. 1/4 roll.
This series contains correspondence, reports, papers, schedules and minutes ofmeetings, agendas, and summaries of grants proposals relating to the privatecorporation Resources of the Future, Inc.s Committee on Urban Economics.

 

SR Roll No. --
JFKL Roll No. 84
Presidents Advisory Committee on Labor-Management Policy, 1961-1963.1/4 roll.
This series contains reports, statements, memos, and correspondence of theCommittee, covering such diverse topics as pensions (see also the Committee onCorporate Pension Funds, roll 75), railroads, and fiscal and monetary policy.The committee was composed of representatives from the Departments of Labor andCommerce, the Council of Economic Advisers, major U.S. corporations, andorganized labor. The material is not arranged in any order.

 

SR Roll No. 44
JFKL Roll No. 85
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1961-1963. 1 roll.
This is a very small collection of correspondence and reports of this privateresearch organization, arranged roughly in reverse chronological order. Dr. Hellerrepresented the University of Minnesota as a member and director of theNational Bureau from 1958-1963.

 

SR Roll No. 45-46
JFKL Roll No. 86-87
1963 Tax Files, 1961-1962. 2 rolls.
This series contains correspondence, staff memoranda, reports, articles,reprints, correspondence, and background material on taxation from as early as1959, divided by subject or type of material. Because the subject division isnot very good, the entire series should be examined.

 

SR Roll No. 47-48
JFKL Roll No. 88-89
Personal Correspondence, 1961-1964. 2 rolls.
This series contains Dr. Hellers correspondence with friends and associates,arranged by the name of the correspondent and then in reverse chronologicalorder. The Correspondence with Individual series (rolls 15-18) should also beconsulted because there is occasional duplication between the two.

 

SR Roll No. 49
JFKL Roll No. 90
Press Conferences, 1963-1964. 1/2 roll.
This series includes a very small amount of the texts of the Presidents pressconferences and of statements for the press.

 

SR Roll No. 49
JFKL Roll No. 90
White House Speeches and Releases, 1964. 1/2 roll.
This series consists of a small file of the texts of White House speeches andreleases for 1964.

 

SR Roll No. --
JFKL Roll No. 91
Cabinet Meetings, 1961-1964. 1 roll.
This series includes background material, notes, and schedules for Cabinetmeetings, filed in folders marked with the date of the meeting. The folders arenot arranged in any order.

 

SR Roll No. --
JFKL Roll No. 92
Memos to the President, 1961-1963. 1 roll.
This series contains a chronological file of memos from members of the Councilof Economic Advisers to the President or other members of his White House stafffrom January 1961 to December 1963. The file for November-December 1961 is misfiledin the Chron Files series (roll 62). Otherwise the series is complete.

 

SR Roll No. 49
JFKL Roll No. 93
Appointments, 1962. 1 roll.
This series consists of Dr. Hellers appointment book for 1962.

 

SR Roll No. --
JFKL Roll No. 94
Secret Material (in safe) - Cuban and Berlin Crisis and Other NationalSecurity matters, 1961-1964. 1 roll.
The material in this roll originated from many agencies, and most of it relatesto foreign affairs. All of it is classified. The material is not arranged inany way.